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Prince Eze out of the NCAA MVP race

first_imgFor the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 93 PLAY LIST 02:12San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 9301:18SEA Games 2019: Guarte, Abahan complete PH sweep of obstacle course racing01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson How to help the Taal evacuees Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netPrince Eze may be leading the Most Valuable Player race, but he won’t get the award at the end of the season.The Nigerian big man’s hopes of claiming NCAA Season 93 MVP award was dashed after Perpetual’s 55-50 defeat to San Beda on Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next That eliminated the Altas out of the playoff race with their 4-10 record, stopping Eze from following the footsteps of Jojo Manalo and Earl Scottie Thompson as the only Alta to win the highest individual award.The 6-foot-11 center has been the pacesetter at the end of the first round after averaging 15.5 points, 17.2 rebounds, and 2.6 blocks in the 14 games he played for the Altas.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smogBut his candidacy came to a screeching halt owing to the league’s ruling disallowing players from non-Final Four teams from staking their claim for the MVP plum.The last non-Final Four player to win the highest individual award was St. Benilde’s Jay Sagad in Season 81 back in 2005 after the Blazers finished sixth out of eight teams with their 5-9 record. That instance prompted the NCAA to change its rules and give premium to players who led their team to the Final Four to win the MVP award. In ‘Jojo Rabbit,’ Comedy and Drama Collide Mos Burger to open in Manila; teases with a pop-upcenter_img Eze, though, can still get a consolation as he can still make it to the Mythical Team at the end of the season, granting that his numbers won’t dip or he won’t be ejected for Perpetual’s last four elimination games.He was earlier named as the All-Star MVP during the midseason festivities.With Eze out of the MVP race, that opens the gates for other contenders to win the hardware.Now leading the race is Lyceum’s CJ Perez, who has been averaging 18.6 points, 6.7 rebounds, 3.5 assists, and 1.5 steals through the Pirates’ current 15-0 run.Also in the running are San Beda forward Javee Mocon (12.5 points, and 10.4 rebounds, and 3.5 assists), Lyceum big man Mike Nzeusseu (10.9 points, 11.1 rebounds, and 1.2 blocks), and Letran swingman Rey Nambatac (16.6 points, 8.3 rebounds, and 3.3 assists).ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES MOST READ OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson JRU repulses St. Benilde, tightens grip on 3rd spot Redemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson DAY6 is for everybody Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene View commentslast_img read more

Football saved me after horrors of war, says Grobbelaar

first_img0Shares0000Former Liverpool goalkeeper Bruce Grobbelaar says football saved him after the trauma of war in Africa © AFP/File / JOHNNY EGGITTLONDON, United Kingdom, Oct 2 – Former Liverpool goalkeeper Bruce Grobbelaar has spoken about how football “saved” him after his horrific experiences as a soldier in the Rhodesian army, also recounting the trauma of the Heysel and Hillsborough disasters during his playing days.The 60-year-old told Britain’s Guardian newspaper in a frank interview that the impact of the fighting in Zimbabwe’s war of independence in the 1970s was such that two soldiers took their own lives when they were told to do another tour of duty. “They killed themselves simultaneously in adjoining toilets in the barracks. They couldn’t face it,” said Grobbelaar.The goalkeeper, renowned for his eccentricities at Anfield, said football had “saved” him, adding: “It kept me away from the dark thoughts of war.”Grobbelaar told how one of his fellow white soldiers mutilated the bodies of black fighters.“This guy would cut an ear off every man he killed,” Grobbelaar said. “He kept the ears in a jar. And he had quite a few jars. His family had been brutalised so he wanted revenge.”The Hillsborough disaster in 1989 resulted in the deaths of 96 Liverpool supporters © AFP/File / PAUL ELLISThe Zimbabwean was at Liverpool during the most successful spell in the club’s history but the 1980s were also marked by two tragedies — the 1985 Heysel disaster, when 39 Juventus fans died before the European Cup final and the Hillsborough disaster in 1989, which resulted in the deaths of 96 Liverpool supporters.“It (Heysel) was worse (than war),” said Grobbelaar, who won six league titles and a European Cup while at Liverpool from 1981 to 1994.“In the bush you knew what could happen. At Heysel it was innocent people. To hear the crumbling wall and the falling bodies was terrible.”Grobbelaar was also hit hard by the tragedy at Hillsborough, where he was close to the Liverpool fans’ end.“I was near gate number 13 and there was this soft sound — like air coming out,” he said.“I saw the faces squashed against the fence. I went to get the ball and shouted to the policewoman: ‘Open the effing gate.’ She said: ‘I haven’t got the key’. When the ball came back a second time, I shouted again.“I saw they had a key and people spilled onto the ground.“I kicked the ball out and ran to the referee. That’s when the barrier went over and the bodies came down. I could hear the air coming out of them.”0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Championship round-up: Derby go top after victory at Blackpool

first_img1 Derby County moved to the top of the Championship table after Chris Martin’s 81st minute penalty was enough to fend off the challenge of Blackpool at Bloomfield Road.The Rams started the night in second place behind Watford but are now one-point clear of the Hornets and boast a healthier goal difference following a 1-0 win.Blackpool, meanwhile, remain rooted to the bottom of the division and have managed only one win in 14 games in all competitions this season.It ended all-square at Vicarage road between Watford and Nottingham Forest after the sides played out an entertaining 2-2 draw.The hosts led through Odion Ighalo but were quickly pegged back after Michail Antonio’s strike. Antonio was on the scoresheet again in the second-half, cancelling out Matej Vydra’s 52nd minute penalty.Wolverhampton Wanderers continued their impressive start to the season with a 2-0 win over high-flying Middlesbrough at the Molineux.Bakary Sako’s composed spot-kick opened the scoring in the first-half before Nouha Dicko wrapped up the points in the 73rd minute as Wolves move level on points with Middlesbrough in fourth.Russell Slade recorded his second win in as many games as manager of Cardiff City with an impressive 3-1 victory against Ipswich.The Bluebirds had to come from behind after Daryl Murphy opened the scoring for the visitors on 29 minutes, but strikes from Peter Whittingham, Federico Macheda and Adam Le Fondre saw Cardiff move up to 10th in the table.Bournemouth eased to a 3-0 victory against Reading at the Goldsands Stadium as Nigel Adkins’ side extended their worrying run of form to eight matches without a win.After a goalless first-half, on-form striker Callum Wilson opened the scoring on the 50th minute before a quick-fire brace from Brett Pitman ensured a fifth win from their previous six matches.Charlton Athletic responded to their first defeat of the season at the hands of Bournemouth on Saturday with a 2-1 victory against Neil Lennon’s Bolton Wanderers.Elsewhere, Norwich’s inconsistent form continues after a 1-1 draw with Leeds at Carrow Road, while Ben Marshall scored the only goal of the game for Blackburn Rovers against Birmingham to record the first win in five games for Gary Bowyer’s men.Meanwhile, Fulham’s maintained their resurgence under Kit Symonds after a 3-3 draw with Rotherham at the New York stadium, and Brighton and Hove Albion remain in trouble after sharing the spoils with Huddersfield Town.There were no goals between Brentford and Sheffield Wednesday at Griffin Park, while Wigan Athletic and Millwall also finished goalless. Derby County manager Steve McClaren last_img read more

‘Ajax like to attack, Man United will get chances’ – Europa League final preview

first_imgRaimond van der Gouw joined the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast to preview the Europa League final.The Dutchman’s former club Manchester United will take on Ajax in Stockholm on Wednesday night and must win to reach next season’s Champions League.Van der Gouw admits all the pressure will be on Jose Mourinho’s men but believes they will have plenty of goalscoring opportunities against their youthful opponents.He worked alongside Ajax boss Peter Bosz when he was in charge at Vitesse Arnhem, and says his game-plan will be to attack.“It is a massive game for Man United,” said Van der Gouw. “There is a lot of pressure on Man United.“There is a little bit of pressure for Ajax, but it is a must-win game for United. They are favourites and have to win it.“I know the manager of Ajax, I worked with him for two-and-a-half seasons, and he likes to attack.“United, with their experience, they will get chances. That is for sure.”talkSPORT will broadcast LIVE commentary of the 2017 Europa League final between Manchester United and Ajax on Wednesday nightlast_img read more

SEAMUS COLEMAN’S WEMBLEY DREAMS HIT AS HE PULLS HAMSTRING IN PREMIER LEAGUE CLASH

first_imgSEAMUS Coleman suffered a hamstring injury and limped off in Everton’s 1-1 draw with Southampton at Goodison Park today.The injury sparked fears he could miss Euro 2016, but the news from Merseyside this evening is that the injury is bad – but not that bad.However he could miss the FA Cup semi-final against Manchester United at Wembley next weekend. Coleman was replaced by debutant Callum Connolly after 54 minutes.Coleman has had a history of hamstring injuries and it would not be surprising to see the Donegal man kept out of action for both Wednesday’s Merseyside derby at Anfield and the trip to Wembley.After Coleman left the pitch, Everton centre-back Ramiro Funes Mori gave the home side the lead against the run of play with a deflected shot off Ryan Bertrand.Southampton equalised when Sadio Mane swept in a shot and had to settle for a point despite plenty of pressure.  SEAMUS COLEMAN’S WEMBLEY DREAMS HIT AS HE PULLS HAMSTRING IN PREMIER LEAGUE CLASH was last modified: April 16th, 2016 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:evertonhamstringInjuryseamus colemanlast_img read more

Liverpool transfer news: Italian sides could sign £20m star for free in January

first_img Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? RANKED Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father REVEALED Latest Transfer News The midfielder was on the verge of leaving Anfield in the summer but his proposed move to Belgium giants Anderlecht fell through at the last minute.Markovic has cut a frustrated figure since and has had to accept featuring for Liverpool’s Under-23 side this term.However, the out-of-favour midfielder could be handed a lifeline with both Fiorentina and Genoa considering January moves, according to Calciomercato. 1 LATEST Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing Fiorentina and Genoa could rescue Liverpool flop Lazar Markovic from his Anfield misery, according to reports in Italy.Markovic, still only 24, is expected to leave the club in January after failing to impress Jurgen Klopp, with the Serbia international yet to feature this season. Liverpool flop Markovic in action. Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ center_img Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland targets IN DEMAND Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star moving on Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer targets LIVING THE DREAM three-way race TOP WORK With Markovic’s contract due to expire next summer, the Italian pair are hopeful of snapping him up on a free transfer, as Liverpool look to get the midfielder off their books.Markovic is now in his fifth season with Liverpool, having joined the Merseysiders for £20million in July 2014.last_img read more

CORK CITY SKIPPER JOHNNY DUNLEAVY READY TO FINISH THE JOB ON FRIDAY NIGHT

first_imgBallybofey native Johnny Dunleavy is aiming to finish the job off on Friday Night, as the Cork City skipper takes his side to Dundalk for the league decider.Cork City skipper Johnny Dunleavy said his club have been a sleeping giant for long enough, and that it’s time to finish off the job when they travel to Oriel Park on Friday night.Ballybofey native Dunleavy has enjoyed a superb season for Cork City, and recently penned a new deal which keeps him at the club for next season.On Friday night, Dunleavy and his colleagues travel to Dundalk knowing if they avoid defeat they’ll be crowned Airtricity League champions. They currently lead Stephen Kenny’s side by one point after they slipped up against Bray Wanderers last weekend.Dundalk were held to a 1-1 draw by Bray, and John Caulfield’s Cork City side took full advantage with a victory against Bohemians.However, with the two facing off against each other on Friday night, it’s makes for a perfect finale to what has been an incredibly exciting league campaign.With both sides absolutely desperate for the title, the stakes couldn’t get any higher. Dunleavy told The Irish Daily Star, “We’ve got to go and finish the job, we’re in a great position now because we’re top, and Friday night is going to be some match.“They’re a top side, and they’ve lead since May, but we’ve kept plugging away, and I’d no idea we went top until after the game, when I heard their result.Dunleavy admits it does change the scenario a small bit, but says they’ll approach it the same way.“Look we didn’t expect that result, and we probably thought we were going to have to beat Dundalk, now we know a draw will do, but we’re going to approach it in the same way we always approach games.“We’re looking for the win, and we’re looking to finish the job. “We’ve been a sleeping giant for long enough, and it’s time to change that.Cork City have been allocated with 600 tickets for Friday’s match, and the game is also being televised live on RTE Two.Dunleavy expects there to be more Cork City fans than the 600 that’s been touted.“I’m sure they’ll dotted all over the ground, and they’ll be a right few from Ballybofey down as well. “We’re looking forward to it and I said, we’re looking to finish the job off.CORK CITY SKIPPER JOHNNY DUNLEAVY READY TO FINISH THE JOB ON FRIDAY NIGHT was last modified: October 22nd, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:BallybofeyCork CityDundalkJohnny DunleavynewssoccerSportlast_img read more

Cigarette tax may light up

first_imgSACRAMENTO – Cigarettes in California would become the most expensive in the nation under a ballot measure proposed Tuesday by a coalition of health groups. The measure would increase cigarette taxes by $2.60 a pack and generate about $2.3 billion in revenue for a range of health programs, including hospital emergency services, children’s health insurance and cancer research. Current taxes on cigarettes in California are 87 cents a pack, bringing the average price to about $3.95. “It distributes the funds in a well-thought-out and comprehensive array of health programs that will make a frontal assault on the major diseases and causes of death in California, maintain and expand access to health care, and improve the health of all Californians,” said Jim Knox, vice president of the American Cancer Society, one of the measure’s sponsors. “That’s an enormous amount of money that’s coming from a relatively small portion of the population in California,” Singleton said. “And not only is it a minority of the population, but it’s a minority of the population that tends to be low- and moderate-income.” The tobacco industry no longer has a central trade organization – it was disbanded as part of the 1998 settlement with the various state attorneys general – so each company will make its own decision whether to get involved in the campaign. The Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association is also concerned about the proposal. Association President Jon Coupal said higher taxes just lead to more efforts to avoid them – such as purchasing cigarettes online, on an Indian reservation or through the black market. “We think that California has sufficient revenue to conduct the programs it needs to conduct,” Coupal said. “A higher tax is not necessary.” The measure is backed by more than a dozen health organizations, including the American Cancer Society, the California Hospital Association and the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. Harrison Sheppard, (916) 446-6723 harrison.sheppard@dailynews.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake Tobacco industry officials said the highest state tax on cigarettes is Rhode Island’s $2.46 a pack. With the new tax, California’s cigarette tax would total $3.47 per pack. The measure – sponsors now have to submit 598,105 valid signatures to place it on the November 2006 ballot – represents a compromise between two competing proposals that would have imposed taxes of $1 or $1.50 a pack. Differences had mainly focused on how the funds would be distributed, with one proposal by the hospital industry focusing more on emergency services and the other focusing more on health care and prevention programs. Most tobacco companies and taxpayer groups are expected to fight the measure. John Singleton, communications director for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., said the current tax costs California smokers more than $1 billion a year. last_img read more

Tooro United confirms list of departures ahead of 2019/20 season

first_img Tags: Allan KayiwaBaker BuyalaKCCA FCMahadi KakoozaStarTimes Uganda Premeir LeagueTooro unitedtopURA FC Tooro United finished 4th last season. (PHOTO/Courtesy)KAMPALA – Tooro United were one of the stand out performers in the 2018/19 StarTimes Uganda Premier League season.The Buhinga based side finished fourth behind URA FC, Vipers SC and eventual winners KCCA FC.As expected several big clubs came calling for their players and it came as no surprise after some (players) had stood out in the season that saw Tooro finish 5th.Allan Kayiwa was the most impressive of the lot, scoring 10 goals and six assists.His performances attracted Vipers SC and the forward eventually signed for the Venoms.On Wednesday morning, Kayiwa along with 8 others, was listed by the Tooro United as the players that will not be part of them in the upcoming season.The other high profile names on the list include Simon Sserunkuma (KCCA FC), Joel Mutakubya (Kyetume FC), Mahadi Kakooza (Sweden), Stephen Ategeka (Rwanda) and Baker Buyala (Kyetume).The club also released the duo of Eddie Ruhweza and Alex Ssemuyaba while Joshua Kalisa was loaned out to Big League side Katwe United.Tooro United who will face Busoga United in their first game of the season on Saturday also named the list of new arrivals.The list is headlined by the former Express trio of Ibrahim Kayiwa, Arthur Kiggundu and Derrick Tekkwo. Kayiwa and Kiggundu were released by Express in the off-season while Tekkwo joins from Big League side Kitara FC.Wasswa Bbosa’s side have also acquired goalkeeper Chrispas Kusiima (Kitara FC), striker Charles Musiige (Nyamityobora) and Water FC duo Denis Mugerwa and Gerald Lule.The other three new acquisitions include Faizal Ssekyanzi, Deus Katuramu and Yaffesi Mubiru.Tooro United are currently training at Kanyanya and despite the completion of their home ground in Buhinga, they are expected to host their first game at Mutessa II stadium in Wankulukuku.Comments last_img read more

Brains by Mistake: The Darwin Poof Spoof

first_imgYour Brain: The Most Complex Object in the Known UniverseEvolution Says It Was Produced by a Massive Number of Mistakesby Jerry Bergman, PhDThe current New Scientist magazine is a special issue on the human brain, boldly pronouncing on the cover that the human brain is “the most complex object in the known universe.”[1] The article then listed the “eight wonders of the human brain.”[2] One of the first is the fact that “it isn’t easy to explain what makes the human brain so special” compared to the brains of all other life-forms, but it clearly is very special. No animal can compete with it. One measurable factor that gives us superiority is cortical mass: human brains have more neurons in the cortex than any animal. It also takes longer for humans to reach maturity, indicating one reason our brains are more complex than any other mammal.[3] Another factor is the 16 billion cortical neurons involved in our cognitive dominance.The new issue of Scientific American carried a story similar to the New Scientist cover story, titled “How the Mind Arises.” Evolutionary scientists try to explain the mind by natural selection of mutations, 99 percent of which are either near neutral (meaning slightly harmful) or deleterious.[4] The article’s clear materialist bias can be seen in the phrase, “how matter becomes mind.” The writers conclude that mental activity arises “from carefully orchestrated interactions among different brain areas.”[5]What these “carefully orchestrated interactions” are, and how they are directed, is not known. It seems that the more that is learned about the brain, the more complex it gets. Concurrently, new questions come up, leading to the impression that the more we know, the more we realize what we don’t know. The Scientific American article ends by noting that there are hundreds of billions of stars in the Milky Way Galaxy, which is  “just a fraction of the 100 trillion connections in our brain that enable us to sense, think, and act.”[6]With 100 billion neurons forming 100 trillion connections, the human brain is the most complex piece of matter in the known universe. This simple mapping diagram cannot even begin to portray its true complexity.Can Evolution “Over-Design” a Brain?Tufts University Professor Maryanne Wolf explains in a book about reading that we did not evolve to read, but rather to hunt, run and reproduce, but we can read because our brain is overdesigned. She explains that the brain has a “wider than the Sky” capacity allowing “the brain’s quasi-miraculous ability to go outside its boundaries to develop new, never before imagined functions.”[7] She adds that neuroscientist David Eagleman wrote that brain cells are “connected to one another in a network of such staggering complexity that it bankrupts human language and necessitates new strains of mathematics… there are as many connections in a single cubic centimeter of brain capacity as there are stars in the Milky Way galaxy.’”[8]Professor Wolf then adds “it is the capacity to make these mind-reeling numbers of connections that allows our brain to go beyond its original functions to form a completely new circuit for reading.”[9] And, one might add, to fly a jet plane faster than the speed of sound, or play a concerto on the violin. The brain is able to achieve these wonders due to the fact of its “‘plasticity within limits’ in the brain’s design” which enables it to “go beyond its original, biological endowed functions” to form new sets of pathways by repurposing its older, “more basic structures.”[10]The fact is, we have very little understanding of how the brain works.[11] The main problem, according to Dr. Sebastian Seung, Professor of Computational Neuroscience and Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (his Ph.D. is in theoretical physics from Harvard), is that researching somethingas complex as the brain may seem almost futile. The brain’s billions of neurons resemble trees of many species and come in many fantastic shapes. Only the most determined explorers can hope to capture a glimpse of this forest’s interior, and even they see little, and see it poorly. It’s no wonder that the brain remains an enigma.[12]Dr. Seung adds that humans are very “curious about brains that malfunction or excel, but even the humdrum [brain activities] lacks explanation. Every day we recall the past, perceive the present, and imagine the future. How do our brains accomplish these feats? It’s safe to say that nobody really knows.”[13] Some researchers question if humans will ever completely understand how the brain functions, and conclude that it may forever remain a black box, but we will never know if this is true unless we attempt this important research task. The Human Connectome Project is one small step in this direction.The Human Connectome ProjectProfessor Seung’s MIT laboratory is currently developing new technologies for mapping the trillions of connections between the brain’s neurons, which, as a set, is called the connectome. As with an orchestra, the collective product of learning, reasoning and acting is not due to individual neurons, but rather to the unique connections of the connectome. Likewise, music results from all of the active instruments in the collective. The performance results from which notes and which instruments are played separately or together, and when a specific response is activated.[14] Forming connections between neurons is the major method used by the brain to learn new ideas, new concepts, and everything else.It’s not the skull shape that matters. It’s the connectome.Seung’s MIT lab is also investigating evidence that humans are unique compared to all other life, including primates, because we are wired very differently than all other life forms. A major factor that distinguishes us from apes—but by far not the only one,—is our larger and far more complex connectome.[15]Professor Seung’s end goal is to map the total human connectome: the totality of our brain’s neuronal connections, meaning specifically how it is wired together to produce all that our brains achieve. As Seung documents, mapping 100 trillion connections of the over 100 billion neurons in the human brain is an enormously daunting project. Scientists are still far from being able to achieve this task, but some progress, although still very limited, has been made. To achieve this goal, he uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This neuroimaging procedure uses MRI technology to measure brain activity by detecting microscopic changes in blood flow. The technique relies on the fact that all neuronal activation results in increased cerebral blood flow.Measuring Brain ActivityWhen a specific area of the brain is used, blood flow to that region increases. Thus, fMRI allows determining what part of the brain is in use when, for example, a subject reads a book or looks at a picture. It is still a very crude way to measure brain activity, and is also somewhat limited in mapping the brain’s wiring, but researchers must begin somewhere if they want to reach the goal of understanding how our brains do all that they do.Seung also is attempting to detail how memories are both impressed on, and stored in, the brain. The human brain’s complexity is currently still beyond overwhelming. Consequently, “many neuroscientists have chosen to study animals with drastically fewer neurons than humans.”[16] For this reason, researchers commonly use the roundworm, C. elegans, which actuallylacks what we’d call a brain. Its neurons are scattered throughout its body rather than centralized in a single organ. Together they form a nervous system containing a mere 300 neurons. That sounds manageable.… Every neuron in this worm has been given a unique name and has a characteristic location and shape. Worms are like precision machines.[17]Progress in mapping the mere 300 neurons in the C. elegans roundworm, along with ongoing development in imaging technology (such as the automated ultra-microtome to obtain extremely thin tissue samples) has been critical in understanding the structure and function of the diverse neuron types in the roundworm, and how the complex interactive networks operate that result from neural connections.The Brain’s PlasticityOne important area of research is the brain’s plasticity, meaning its ability to learn new skills or rewire after a brain injury, such as caused by a stroke or disease. Significant plasticity is well known in children, but research has indicated some plasticity also exists in adults. In spite of some promising reports, Seung concluded that, due to “our crude experimental techniques, only drastic kinds of rewiring have been detectable.”[18] The best method of plasticity detection comes from evaluating changes in behavior. Having the subject perform some specific task, for instance, and then observing any brain alterations that result, allows the researcher to make some assumptions about the subject’s brain plasticity.We are more than our brains.Seung is also attempting to shed light on philosophical questions that have been with us for as long as humans have existed, such as, (to put it crudely), are we nothing more than a machines run by computers made of meat? Or can we, by scientific methods, document that we have a soul – a personality that exists apart from the physical body? In this area, the authors of all of the sources referenced in this review are constrained by the Darwinian worldview. This bias inhibits their freedom to explore these issues outside of Darwinian orthodoxy.[19]Summary: Information OverloadThe numbers cited above are hard to grasp but give only a crude picture of the enormous amount of information in the human brain. Multiply 100 trillion connections in one person by the almost seven billion alive today, or the 100 billion persons estimated to have been born since Adam, to illustrate this fact. Or, to be more accurate, multiply 100 trillion times the trillions of mammals and birds that have ever lived to obtain a more complete estimate of the information in animal and human brains. Like young people exclaim, TMI! (too much information!). And yet the brain is still largely a black box, still largely unopened. But to believe that all this information is the result of evolutionary mistakes should strike people as irrational. A human brain arising from genetic damage caused by mutations? A human brain emerging blindly by natural selection? Beyond impossible.References[1] New Scientist. June 22-28, 2019. Cover.[2] Sam Wong. 2019. New Scientist. June 22-28, p. 34.[3] Sam Wong. 2019. New Scientist. June 22-28, p. 34.[4] Scientific America cover, July 2019.[5] Max Bertolero and Danielle Bassett. 2019. “How Matter Becomes Mind.” Scientific America.  July, p. 26.[6] Scientific America cover, July 2019. “Decoding 100 Trillion Messages,” pp. 30-31.[7] Maryanne Wolf. 2018. “Reader, Come Home. The Reading Brain is a Digital World.” New York, NY: HarperCollins Publisher, p. 16.[8] Maryanne Wolf, p. 16.[9] Maryanne Wolf, p. 16.[10] Maryanne Wolf, pp. 16-17.[11] Sebastian Seung. 2013. Connectome: How the Brain’s Wiring Makes Us Who We Are. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.[12] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. xi.[13] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. xi.[14] Max Bertolero and Danielle Bassett, 2019, p. 28.[15] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. 276.[16] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. xi.[17] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. xi.[18] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. 128.[19] Sebastian Seung, 2013, p. 274. Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.Recommended resource: See the new series Science Uprising from Discovery Institute. Regarding the brain and the soul, see Episode 2, “No, You’re Not a Robot Made of Meat,” featuring neurosurgeon Michael Egnor.(Visited 556 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more