Green group flags ‘overkill’ use of plastic banderitas in Manila Sto. Niño feast MOST READ In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Scientists seek rare species survivors amid Australia flames Truck driver killed in Davao del Sur road accident ‘Stop romanticizing Pinoy resilience’ Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Dallas Mavericks guard J.J. Barea (5), center Dwight Powell (7) and center Dirk Nowitzki (41) celebrate a basket by Powell during the first half of an NBA basketball game against the Denver Nuggets in Dallas, Tuesday, March 6, 2018. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)NEW YORK — Dirk Nowitzki’s 21st NBA season will include a trip in China.His Dallas Mavericks will play a pair of preseason games against the Philadelphia 76ers there, 10 years after Nowitzki played for Germany in the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. He will become the first player in NBA history to play 21 seasons with the same franchise.ADVERTISEMENT Neymar says he’ll be well rested when World Cup starts Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Jo Koy draws ire for cutting through Cebu City traffic with ‘wang-wang’ P16.5-M worth of aid provided for Taal Volcano eruption victims — NDRRMC LATEST STORIES Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding The league announced Tuesday that the Mavericks and 76ers will meet Oct. 5 in Shanghai and then Oct. 8 in Shenzhen.The 76ers, who are back in the playoffs this season, have a large international fan base. They are led by Joel Embiid, a native of Cameroon, and Australian rookie Ben Simmons.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownDallas and Philadelphia both will be playing in China for the first time. The games will be the NBA’s 25th and 26th in China, which is passionate about basketball and will host the 2019 Basketball World Cup. View comments
Dear Editor,One of the happiest days of my life (before the day that my daughter was born) was when Forbes Burnham died. To me, that man was the worst and most evil person who had ever lived. He took it upon himself to take our freedom and to decide what the citizens of this beloved country should own to some extent or even worse of all, what we should eat.Nobody does that to me, nobody. I hated everything about him, except when I got the message that he had died. I can’t (and really don’t care) to even remember the year or date that he died, I was a lad then and I was just glad that he had died.However, every era has its share of experiences and if a person is smart and fair-minded, you can put things in better perspective as you get older and be able to compare and learn from events of the past. Even realise that you made some mistakes in judgement of people or places that you were affected by. That being said, in retrospect, I probably owe Mr Burnham an apology, he had some steadfast core values and not everything was bad about him. I’ll explain in a bit.Fast forward to present day, in fact, let’s back up a bit to December 2018. As we all know, a No-Confidence Motion was carried against the Government by the Opposition, mainly because of severe neglect of the citizens, the ill and tyrannic use of power and unbelievably blatant corruption by them in such a short time. It became too much to bear by anyone of sound mind and integrity. Something had to be done to stop them before it was too late for the country to recover. Thankfully, the No-Confidence Motion was validly passed in the National Assembly on December 21, 2018, and the Government was toppled. Here is where an incredible chapter in history begins.President “credible elections” Granger boldly announced soon thereafter, that he and his Government would respect the result of the No-Confidence Motion. As per normal in any democratic society, the Cabinet has to resign, Parliament dissolved and elections held within 90 days. The Government then adopts a caretaker mode until another (or incumbent) President is sworn in.Nothing difficult to understand there…well for the average person I should say. No-Confidence Motions are nothing new, unusual or shameful, it has happened many times in the past and will happen many times more in the future in many parts of the world. So, as the law prescribed, elections were to be held in Guyana on March 31, 2019.Today is September 21, 2019, over eight months after the motion was passed and nothing near to honouring the Constitution or the simple rule of law is even attempted or in the making by this Government! Forget the corruption, forget the stealing of taxpayers’ money, forget the excessive waste of Government funds, blatant abuse of power and total neglect of the citizens – which was the very instrument that triggered The No-Confidence Motion in the first place! Forget all of that for a bit, let us just deal with the solid facts here.Soon after publicly announcing that the Government would respect and abide by the decision in the National Assembly, they took action to appeal! The honourable Speaker of the House upheld his decision. They then moved to the High Court. That court upheld the decision.They then moved further to the Court of Appeal (someone there probably got nicely paid off) and that ruling was in favour of the Government. Here now the Opposition was forced to counter with several lawsuits in order to protect the Constitution of Guyana and approached the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) for a final decision. There the case was held expeditiously, I should say, and the CCJ upheld the rules of the Guyana Constitution and they handed down the judgement. The clock started ticking again on June 18, 2019.Plus, the (CCJ) ruled in favour of the Opposition that the Chairman of GECOM was illegally appointed by “credible elections” Granger! Due to shame, the illegal Chairman almost immediately resigned. After immense pressure by the Opposition, we finally got another Chairperson of GECOM whom Mr Granger is taking credit now for “working expeditiously” with the Opposition in appointing! This Government is shameless and low and it is always possible for them go even lower and be worse than the outer limits of worst.Here is where I will make reference again to Mr Burnham. He was a tyrant and a dictator, he (along with his right-hand Granger) rigged elections in the past. However, Mr Burnham was honourable and wise enough to always remain within the laws and the Constitution of Guyana. Mr Burnham was never ruling in any illegal capacity for even one minute. He had integrity and obeyed the law.Thanks to this retroactively illegal (now absolutely illegal) Government, we definitely have our place marked by this dirty bunch. It is really unfortunate for us that throughout history only infamous people and events are synonymous with Guyana.Nobody knew Guyana years ago unless you mentioned Jim Jones. Now on this 21 day of September 2019 we will be famously remembered once again as the first country to boldly disobey the rule of law and the Constitution, which is the heart of any democratic country.Sincerely,Shane Lindie
… AFC leaders against appointmentBy: Indrawattie NatramHaimraj Hamandeo, former Senior Welfare Officer and physiologist, has been appointed by the Public Service Commission as the new Deputy Regional Executive Officer (DREO) for Region Two (Pomeroon/Supenaam) but even as he assumed duties, members of the coalition government have prevented him from taking up his position.Hamandeo has replaced Sunil Singh who was transferred from Region Two to another region. Hamandeo has a BSc in psychology and a Master of Arts degree.In February, the Public Service Commission had written to Region Two Regional Executive Officer (REO) Rupert Hopkinson for the filling of the vacancy. In that letter it stated that approval was given via the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of the Presidency Department of theAFC Councillor NaithramSenior School Welfare Officer Haimraj HamandeoPublic Service for the creation of the vacancy. It was advised for the position to be advertised.After the vacancy was advertised, Hamandeo, 28, had applied, was interviewed and was the most qualified applicant, hence he was chosen for the position. Hamandeo has assumed duty, but to date there is no office or orientation given to him since there was an objection to his appointment by Alliance For Change (AFC) members in Region Two.At the recent statutory meeting of the Regional Democratic Council (RDC) on August 9, 2016, Region Two Chairman Daveanand Ramdatt informed the house that the Region has a new officer but he has not been oriented by REO Hopkinson. According to Ramdatt, Hamandeo was appointed because of his qualifications and according to his assumption letter he is on one year probationary period. That letter was signed by Personnel from the Public Service Commission.However coalition Councillor and AFC Chairman Naithram and Secretary for AFC, Karan Chand, spoke out about the appointment. In their letters addressed to Ministers of Government, they stated that the new DREO Haimraj Hamandeo is 28 years of age and does not have the requisite experience for the position. They further explained that the job specifications stipulate that the DREO must have, “at least 15 years of experience in the Public Sector, at least five years of which must be at a senior management level.” They stated that there is no way a 28-year-old could have fulfilled these requirements.However, several RDC councillors spoke out about the AFC leaders trying to block the DREO from entering his office. People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) Councillors Showkat Ali and Arnold Adams said Hamandeo was appointed through the right procedures by a Commission that is highly recognised in the Government. They also noted that the Public Service Commission is an independent body and makes decisions for itself.In responding, REO Hopkinson said that he was on leave when the appointment was made. He said that when he returned he was told about the new DREO and said however, the Ministries of the Presidency and Communities are unaware of such an appointment. Hopkinson said he works according to instructions from relevant authorities and ministers, and he has not yet received such orders.
Tired of being turned away at the theater box office when a movie’s sold out? Unhappy there’s no art-house theater in your neighborhood to cater to your hoity-toity theatrical tastes? Those days could be ending, say representatives of Universal Pictures, Warner Bros. Entertainment and a company called Digital Cinema Implementation Partners. The three are working on a new digital film delivery system that, if successful, could give theater operators the flexibility to put a popular movie on an extra screen as quickly as the demand for it arises. At the same time, theater operators could boot out a surprise stinker and even book in for a day or two an art-house film with a small but devoted audience. “Our goal really is to have the easiest, fastest, most reliable, most cost-effective content delivery technique possible to the theaters we represent,” said Travis Reid, chief executive of Digital Cinema Implementation Partners in Los Angeles, which is working with Warner Bros. and Universal. Officials with the venture wouldn’t offer a date by which they hope to have the system in place or give a cost estimate. “I think the latter part of this year we’ll likely be doing some testing,” said Antonellis. “Our hope is as things progress and … as the projectors roll out there will be a lot more activity.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The process, still in the early stages of development, would use satellite and broadband delivery systems to beam digital films directly to theaters, rather than have them copied onto hard drives and delivered by hand, as for the most part they are now, said Darcy Antonellis, Warner Bros.’ executive vice president for distribution and technology. That kind of rapid delivery, Reid said, would allow theater operators the flexibility to economically market niche films that could be shown for just a day or two to a targeted audience. It would also allow operators to quickly find more screens for surprise hits. “We believe that if we can make that a very efficient process, very fast, they’ll be able to respond to audience demands more,” he said. Beaming an encrypted version of a digital film directly to the theater should also cut down on film piracy and bootlegging, Antonellis said, by eliminating the number of opportunities for people to get their hands on the movie in transit. DCIP is owned equally by the Regal, AMC and Cinemark theater chains, which have 14,000 screens in North America. The new system would be available to those and other interested theater operators, Reid and Antonellis said. About 2,200 U.S. theater screens currently show digital films.
0Shares0000Barcelona’s Neymar (L) celebrates after scoring a goal with teammate Gerard Pique © AFP/File / FRANCK FIFEWASHINGTON, United States, Jul 24 – Brazilian superstar striker Neymar will stay with Barcelona, according to teammate Gerard Pique, who posted a Twitter message on the striker’s status on Sunday.Spanish international defender Pique indicated the South American maestro would continue at Camp Nou by tweeting a photo of Neymar with the caption “He’s staying.” The message came hours after Neymar gave Barcelona fans a dazzling reminder of what he brings, the talisman scoring twice as the Spanish giants defeated Juventus 2-1 in a pre-season friendly Saturday in New Jersey.The 25-year-old Brazilian superstar is at the centre of frenzied speculation linking him to a world record 222-million-euro ($256.8 million) transfer to Paris Saint-Germain.French newspaper Le Parisien reported on its website late Sunday that the transfer of Neymar to PSG could be made official in the next few days.And ESPN’s website reported, citing an unnamed source, that Neymar had no idea why Pique tweeted the photo and message. The report also said sources had Neymar wanting to move to the French club and agreeing to terms on a deal for at least four years.Barcelona manager Ernesto Valverde swatted down talk of Neymar departing to France on Friday, dismissing “rumors” while saying the squad wants him to stay for years to come.“This is a time of rumors. We understand it’s how it is,” Valverde said. “He is with us right now. One of us. It’s a player we love and we want. Not only football-wise, but also for the things he brings to the locker room.“It’s only rumors. There’s no need to worry about something we don’t know if it’s going to happen or not. If it happens in the future, we’ll see. But no need to worry about it now.”Barcelona, with Neymar set to be in the lineup, play a pre-season friendly against Manchester United on Wednesday at Washington.0Shares0000(Visited 3 times, 1 visits today)
Koscielny, capped over 50 times and a member of the France side that lost to Portugal in the Euro 2016 final, was carried off 12 minutes into Arsenal’s Europa League semi-final second-leg defeat by Atletico Madrid last Thursday.“He is of course devastated. He will be out for six months. You will not see him before the beginning of December at best,” said Wenger.Koscielny revealed to the Evening Standard in May last year he would require daily treatment on an Achilles injury for the rest of his career.According to the newspaper he was diagnosed with chronic tendonitis in both feet by the French Football Federation during an international break in October 2014.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Laurent Koscielny sustained the injury in the Europa League semi-final against Atletico Madrid © AFP/File / GABRIEL BOUYSLONDON, United Kingdom, May 8 – Veteran French defender Laurent Koscielny is “devastated” at missing out on this year’s World Cup finals after undergoing surgery on a ruptured Achilles tendon, said Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger.The 32-year-old central defender is set to be sidelined for six months according to Wenger, bringing a sad end to his international career as he had planned to retire after the finals in Russia.
0Shares0000Kakamega High School captain and Gor Mahia midfielder Alpha Onyango in full flight motion as Olbolosat’s Silah Wangila prepares to close down during their National Secondary School Games final at the Hill School in Eldoret on July 28, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluELDORET, Kenya, Jul 28- Henry Atola struck in stoppage time as Kakamega High School clinched their 14th National Secondary School Games football title with a 1-0 win over Central Region’s Olbolosat at the Hill School in Eldoret on Saturday afternoon.The full-to-capacity Hill School in Eldoret burst into frenzy after the full time whistle with enthusiastic Kakamega fans thronging the pitch in celebratory dances, some belting loud isikuti drum sounds with the triumphant players carried shoulder high. Debutants Olbolosat had put in a good show defending well but Atola glanced in a header at the near post with virtually the last kick of the game as the Green Commandos clinched the crown they have waited for since 2014 when they won it on home turf in Kakamega.“It was a very tough match, frustrating at some point because we dominated but couldn’t crack them. But credit to them they fought hard and were in the final on merit. They beat St. Antony in the semis which is a very good team,” Kakamega head coach Brendan Mwinamo said.He added; “This is our 14th title and I am very pleased that we have won. Now the focus is on the East Africa School Games. Last time out we finished third but now we want to go and challenge for the top prize,” the tactician further added.Kakamega were the better team in the entire match and had pinned Olbolosat in their own half in almost the entire match without any scoring luck.They had their first chance of the game in the ninth minute when skipper Alpha Onyango’s shot from distance was turned behind for a corner by the keeper after some good build up from the Green Commandos with the fans applauding in approval.Kakamega High School coach Brendan Mwinamo issues instructions to midfielder Joshua Otieno during their National Secondary School Games final at the Hill School in Eldoret on July 28, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluThree minutes later, Kakamega were knocking, this time Evans Odhiambo skipping away from his markers on the left before unleashing a stinging shot that the keeper turned behind for a corner.The Olbolosat keeper Victor Mwangi, aptly nicknamed ‘Ospina’ by his teammates was the difference between Kakamega and the first goal. He earned his full pay, pulling save after save denying the 13-time champions.In the 27th minute, he was at hand once again to thwart Kakamega after Atola had raced onto a rebound when Alpha’s freekick from the right rattled the crossbar.Olbolosat had their first chance at goal three minutes from half time when Silah Wangila surprised the Kakamega backline with a snap shot from almost 40 metres out but the effort went over the bar by inches.In the second half, Kakamega kept their front playing style and should have been ahead in the 63rd minute but Odhiambo’s cracking effort from the right was beautifully saved by ‘Ospina’.In the 68th minute, Joshua Otieno who seemed jaded after putting in a shift in Friday’s semi final tried his luck with another rasping effort from distance but it flew a few millimeters over the bar.Kakamega High School midfielder Alpha Onyango vies for the ball with Olbolosat’s Silah Wangila during their National Secondary School Games final at the Hill School in Eldoret on July 28, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluKakamega pushed and pushed and at some point it seemed the game was headed for extra time with Olbolosat defending in numbers, leaving only one player upfront while everyone else played behind the ball.They were nipped at the stroke of full time, Atola rushing in to the near post to glance in a header past a forest of defenders from Samson Otieno’s corner.-Girls competition- Earlier on in the girls category, Kwale Girls shocked pre-game favorites Arch Bishop Njenga from Western beating them 4-1. Saumu Baya scored twice with Lucy Kwekwe and skipper Elizabeth Kioko who have been brilliant for the team adding one each.Violet Wanyonyi scored Arch Bishop Njenga’s consolation.0Shares0000(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)
Former Liverpool flop Alberto Aquilani 1 Former Liverpool flop Alberto Aquilani is set to join the likes of Steven Gerrard and Frank Lampard in the MLS, with a move to Montreal Impact imminent.Aquilani is best remembered in England for starting just nine Premier League games for Liverpool, who shelled out £17m to land the highly-rated midfielder from Roma in 2009.He was sent out on loan twice during his three seasons with Liverpool, spending time back in Italy with Juventus and then AC Milan.But he left for good in August 2012 when he signed for Fiorentina, where he has racked up a further 81 Serie A appearances.He is on the move again, however, with his three-year deal in Florence up and he now looks set for a move across the Atlantic.According to Sport Mediaset, the 31-year-old is on the verge of signing a two-year deal with the Canadian MLS club.
Simply click on the video to play.DDTV: AN GHAELTACHT AG TEACHT GO LEITIR CEANAINN DRAMA “CUAIRT AN UACHTARAIN” was last modified: June 26th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DDTV
Freedom Month celebrates the time all South Africans voted in the country’s first free elections. But for this April – and with local elections to be held this year – it’s important for all South Africans to remember the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for our right to vote.To mark 22 years of freedom, we salute 22 martyrs of the liberation struggle. Check in daily as they are rolled out over the course of Freedom Month.#01 Steve Biko#02 Solomon Mahlangu#03 Ashley Kriel#04 Victoria and Griffiths Mxenge#05 Hastings Ndlovu#06 Andrew Sibusiso Zondo#07 Ahmed Timol#08 Neil Aggett#09 Chris Hani#10 Nokuthula Orela Simelane#11 Jerry Mosololi#12 Robert Waterwitch and Coline Williams#13 Hector Pieterson#14 Surendra Lenny Naidu#15 Vuyusile Mini#16 Thelle Mogoerane#17 Marcus Thabo Motaung#18 Trojan Horse Massacre#19 Lennox Madikane#20 Veyisile Sharps Qoba#21 David Webster#22 Sharpeville 69#1 Stephen Bantu BikoBy Shamin ChibbaStephen Bantu Biko, the Black Consciousness Movement leader, wanted to free the minds of the oppressed before freeing them politically.Born in King William’s Town, in Eastern Cape in 1946, Biko co-founded the South African Students’ Organisation (Saso) in 1968, an all-black student organisation that resisted apartheid.By 1973, the apartheid regime had banned its leader.He was forbidden to write or speak publicly, to talk to journalists or to speak to more than one person at a time, among other restrictions.As a result, the associations, movements and public statements of Saso members were stopped.But Biko did not stop his fight against apartheid; instead he was driven to work underground. He created the Zimele Trust Fund to aid political prisoners and their families in the mid-1970s.His activities led to his arrest by apartheid police outside Grahamstown on 18 August 1977. He was taken to security police headquarters in Port Elizabeth where, according to South African History Online, he was severely beaten. The beating resulted in brain damage.Realising to a certain extent the seriousness of his condition, the police decided to transfer him to a prison hospital in Pretoria, which was 1 133km away, records the history website. He died shortly after his arrival at the hospital. He was just 30 years old.A year after his death, some of his writings were collected and released under the title I Write What I Like.Biko is buried in the Ginsberg township cemetery, outside King William’s Town, in the Steve Biko Garden of Remembrance.#2 Solomon Kalushi MahlanguBy Mathiba MolefeSolomon Kalushi Mahlangu was born in Pretoria on 10 July 1956. His father abandoned the family in 1962, leaving his mother, Martha Mahlangu, to raise her young son alone.Mahlangu left school in standard eight and crossed the border to train as an Umkhonto we Sizwe soldier in Angola and Mozambique. He returned to South Africa in 1977 to take part in student protests. But that same year, along with companions George Mahlangu and Monty Johannes Motloung, he was approached by police in Johannesburg.Two people were killed in the crossfire of the gunfight that followed. Motloung and Solomon Mahlangu were arrested; George managed to escape.Mahlangu was charged with two counts of murder and several charges under the Terrorism Act. His trial ran from 7 November 1977 to 1 March 1978, but as a result of the brutal beatings he had received while detained, the judge deemed him unfit to stand trial on suspicion of brain damage.However, as common purpose had been formed, Mahlangu was found guilty on two counts of murder and three charges under the Terrorism Act. He was sentenced to death by hanging on 2 March 1978.Following numerous failed attempts to appeal the decision, he died at the hands of the apartheid government on 6 April 1979.His death sparked worldwide protest and condemnation of the South African government’s internal policies.Mahlangu is buried in Mamelodi, in Pretoria. His tombstone bears his last words: “My blood will nourish the tree that will bear the fruits of freedom. Tell my people that I love them. They must continue the fight.”#3 Ashley KrielBy Sulaiman PhilipWhen Ashley Kriel died on 20 July 1987 he was just 20 years old, but he had already been a community activist for six years. Starting with the civically minded Bonteheuwel Youth Movement, he worked to make his poor and crime-ridden hometown a better place.His work with the Bonteheuwel Inter School Congress and their support of the United Democratic Front (UDF) brought him the unwanted attention of government security apparatus. Identified as a leader in the student protest movement, he was forced to flee to Angola in 1985, where he received military training.Kriel died violently in a police ambush in Athlone, Cape Town, but even in death he found no peace. His funeral was disrupted by police who refused to allow the funeral procession to leave his mother’s home. In death, the police were determined to not allow him to become a martyr. As Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Reverend Allan Boesak spoke at his graveside, security forces fired on mourners.In choosing to name its youth engagement programme The Ashley Kriel Youth Leadership Development Project, the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation acknowledged Kriel’s ongoing influence on young leaders in Western Cape. More importantly, it was an acknowledgement of Kriel’s belief that every South African could play a part in changing the world for the better.#4 Victoria and Griffiths MxengeBy Priya PitamberGriffiths Mlungisi Mxenge was born in 1935 in King William’s Town, in Eastern Cape.He became a member of the African National Congress in the 1950s, while he was reading for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Fort Hare. He followed this with an LLB degree at the University of Natal, but his studies were interrupted in 1965, when he was detained for 190 days and convicted under the Suppression of Communism Act for his political activities in the ANC. He served a two-year sentence on Robben Island.Mxenge eventually completed his law degree and became a well-known civil rights lawyer who took up cases of political freedom fights across all political parties. He was assassinated on the night of 19 November 1981.Following the death of her anti-apartheid activist husband, Victoria Mxenge studied law and joined the legal practice he had established.She took on cases in which the youth were ill-treated while imprisoned and was part of the defence team in the 1984 treason trial against leaders of the United Democratic Front (UDF) and the Natal Indian Congress in the Pietermaritzburg Supreme Court.Victoria Mxenge started a bursary fund in memory of her husband. She became a member of the Release Nelson Mandela Committee, the National Organisation of Women and the Natal Treasurer of the UDF.In 1985, she was attacked and murdered at her home in Durban.The Mxenges are buried next to each other in Rayi Cemetery near King William’s Town.#5 Hastings NdlovuBy Lucille Davie and Ray MaotaHastings Ndlovu, born in 1961, died on 16 June 1976 during South Africa’s Soweto student uprisings. He was just 15, a schoolboy who had joined the protests against Bantu education.There are conflicting reports of who was the first fatality on the day. Another boy, 12-year-old Hector Pieterson, had also been shot by the police in the Soweto township of Orlando West. It’s most likely that Hastings was the first child to be shot, although it’s probable that Hector died before him.Hector was declared dead when he arrived at Phefeni Clinic, while the doctor on duty at the then Baragwanath Hospital who treated Hastings, Malcolm Klein, puts the time of his death at around noon or shortly thereafter, several hours after he was shot.Klein described the scene as “grisly”. He said: “a bullet wound to one side of his head, blood and brains spilling out of a large exit wound on the other side, the gurgle of death in his throat. Only later would I learn his name: Hastings Ndlovu.”Hastings was survived by his parents, three sisters and brother. His sisters left the country soon after 16 June, but returned to Johannesburg a few years later.He was buried with Hector at Avalon Cemetery in Johannesburg and the house he lived in, 7235 Thabete Street, Soweto, was issued a blue Heritage plaque on 16 June 2012 to commemorate his sacrifice.One may ask why Hector is known worldwide while Hastings is not; the only answer that comes up is that there was no photographer on hand to record his shooting.#6 Andrew Sibusiso ZondoBy Chris AndersonAndrew Zondo was an Umkhonto we Sizwe operative responsible for the 1985 Amanzimtoti shopping centre bombing.He was born and raised in Durban’s KwaMashu township and joined the ANC when he was 16. He was trained as a combatant in exile in Angola and carried out a number of clandestine operations against the South African apartheid government.The Amanzimtoti bombing, which was during the busy Christmas shopping period, was his most prominent. Five people were killed, including two children; more than 40 were injured. Zondo was captured six days later.Found guilty and sentenced to death, he was hanged in September 1986. His last word was “Amandla”, the battle cry of the anti-apartheid struggle. Zondo was 19 years old.#7 Ahmed TimolBy Priya PitamberAhmed Timol was born on 3 November 1941; he was a teacher, sportsman and dedicated anti-apartheid activist.He was awarded a scholarship and enrolled in the Johannesburg Training Institute for Indian Teachers in 1961, from where he graduated in 1963. During his years at college, he was elected vice-chairman of the students representative council.Timol was also an avid sportsman. He obtained his colours in the Transvaal Indian Cricket and South African Non-Racial teams. He was also a soccer administrator for the Dynamos Football Club. A Muslim, by 1965, he had completed his religious pilgrimage to Mecca, and subsequently went to London, where he taught at an immigration school in Slough.With fellow freedom fighter and later president of South Africa Thabo Mbeki, in 1969 Timol went to Lenin University in the Soviet Union for political training. He returned to South Africa in February 1970 and began setting up underground structures for the banned South African Communist Party (SACP). He also helped to identify possible recruits into the movement, and produced and distributed political pamphlets.In 1971, Timol was arrested at a roadblock after police found banned ANC literature, copies of secret correspondence and instructions from the SACP, as well as material related to the 50th anniversary of the SACP in the car. He was taken to the Newlands Police Station, then to the notorious John Vorster Square Police Station in Joburg.According to police, Timol dived out of a window and landed on Commissioner Street on 17 October 1971. They made no mention of the signs of torture on Timol’s body.On 29 March 1999, in his memory, Nelson Mandela renamed the Azaadville Secondary School in Krugersdorp, the Ahmed Timol Secondary School.#8 Neil AggettBy Mary AlexanderNeil Aggett became a doctor in 1977. Five years later he died alone in an apartheid cell. Tortured, broken and bloodied, the 28-year-old son of privilege was the first white person to die in detention.Educated at the elite Kingswood College and University of Cape Town, his eyes were opened to the cruelties of apartheid while working in the casualty departments at “Africans only” hospitals in Mthatha and Soweto.Aggett also understood that trade unions – organised workers – could be a powerful force in the fight against apartheid. He became an organiser for the Food and Canning Worker’s Union.As a white man fighting a white regime, Aggett alarmed authorities and drew the attention of the security police. On 27 November 1981, he was detained. On 5 February 1982, he was found hanging in his cell.Sixteen years later, South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission ruled that being assaulted, blindfolded and given electric shocks for more than 70 days in detention was “directly responsible for the mental and physical condition of Dr Aggett, which led him to take his own life”.Aggett’s funeral brought 15 000 people to Westpark Cemetery in the affluent whites-only northern suburbs of Johannesburg. Some 90 000 workers across the country embarked on a two-day stay-away in his honour.#9 Chris HaniBy Ray MaotaChris Hani, born in rural Transkei in 1942, was assassinated in 1993 in Boksburg. Today, his murder is widely regarded as a turning point in South African politics.Martin Thembisile Hani was born on 28 June 1942 in the small town of Cofimvaba, in a rural Xhosa village called kuSabalele. A fierce opponent of the apartheid government, he grew up to become the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress.He was killed on 10 April 1993 at his home in the racially mixed suburb of Dawn Park. He was accosted by a Polish far-right anti-communist immigrant named Janusz Waluś, who shot him in the head and back as he stepped out of his car. Waluś fled after the shooting, but was arrested soon afterwards after Hani’s neighbour, a white Afrikaner woman, called the police.Clive Derby-Lewis was also implicated in the murder. A senior South African Conservative Party MP and opposition spokesman for economic affairs at the time, he had lent Waluś his pistol.Serious tensions followed the assassination, with fears that the country would erupt in violence. Nelson Mandela addressed the nation appealing for calm, in a speech described as “presidential” even though he was not yet the president of the country.“Tonight I am reaching out to every single South African, black and white, from the very depths of my being,” Mandela said. “A white man, full of prejudice and hate, came to our country and committed a deed so foul that our whole nation now teeters on the brink of disaster. A white woman, of Afrikaner origin, risked her life so that we may know, and bring to justice, this assassin.“The cold-blooded murder of Chris Hani has sent shock waves throughout the country and the world… Now is the time for all South Africans to stand together against those who, from any quarter, wish to destroy what Chris Hani gave his life for – the freedom of all of us.”While riots did follow the assassination, the two sides of the negotiation process were galvanised into action and they soon agreed that democratic elections should take place on 27 April 1994, a little over a year after Hani’s murder.#10 Nokuthula Orela SimelaneBy Chris AndersonBorn in the small town of Bethal in Mpumalanga in 1960, Nokuthula Orela Simelane joined the ANC while attending the University of Swaziland.She acted as a courier for Umkhonto we Sizwe between activists living in exile in Swaziland and underground operatives in South Africa. Simelane disappeared en route between the two countries in 1983, believed to have been detained by apartheid-era South African police.The details of her subsequent torture and death were revealed during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in the 1990s, when it was admitted that Simelane was taken to the infamous Vlakplaas security police headquarters and tortured to reveal information on ANC underground operations.It is still not known where her remains are. A statue honouring her work and sacrifice for the struggle was erected in her hometown of Bethal in 2009.#11 Jerry MosololiBy Shamin ChibbaJerry Mosololi was one of the Moroka Three, who were executed by the apartheid government in 1983.As a member of the armed wing of the ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe, Mosololi carried out attacks on police stations in 1979 and 1981, in which four black policemen died. After his arrest, he was tortured until he confessed to the attacks.According to Sowetan newspaper, Mosololi’s capture played out like a Frederick Forsythe novel.On a warm summer day in Hammanskraal, a young farm worker found a large hole on the western side of the 20ha farm on which he worked. He soon discovered that it was a hideout. Three men who lived there tried to talk to him from a distance but the worker ran towards the farmhouse to alert his boss. The three men dashed in the opposite direction.Police arrived and cordoned off the area. Mosololi and Simon Thelle Mogoerane – who had gone shopping – arrived at the hideout unaware of what was awaiting them. They were captured.Marcus Thabo Motaung joined them in the cell after he was caught in Klipgat. The three, known as the “Moroka Three”, were charged with high treason and 20 alternative charges, including the attack at New Canada railway station and Central Park electric sub-station.They pleaded not guilty, saying police brutality during the 1976 student uprising was the cause for their actions against the police in Soweto and Wonderboom.On 6 August 1982, ignoring evidence of police brutality, Justice DJ Curlewis passed a guilty verdict and imposed the death penalty. On 7 June 1983, the United Nations Security Council appealed for clemency and called on the South African government to commute the sentences.However, two days later the government rejected the plea and on the same day, Mosololi, Mogoerane and Motaung were hanged at Pretoria Central Prison.#12 Robert Waterwitch and Coline WilliamsBy Sulaiman PhilipIn December 2005, the mayor of Cape Town unveiled a statue outside the Athlone Magistrates Court. The two figures striding in the direction of the court, one looking nervously over her shoulder. The statue is there to honour Robert Waterwitch and Coline Williams, who died while planting a mine at the courthouse in July 1989.Williams (22) and Waterwitch (20) were both Catholic student activists died while taking part in an anti-election bombing campaign.Like Waterwitch, Williams had been radicalised during the school boycotts that began in 1985. With no schools open, students spent the time educating themselves and plotting to change a world that denied them their humanity.William’s, who had been arrested in 1986 and spent a year in detention, was in command of their mission. She was recruited into MK in 1988 and was part of the Ashley Kriel Detachment. Waterwitch joined the armed struggle in 1989.Almost three decades after their deaths, what happened that night in Athlone is still not clear. Some still believe they were murdered by the security police, who had infiltrated the Ashley Kriel Detachment, others argue they were handed a mine that had been tampered with by a police spy.For all South Africans though, their deaths represent the defiance and hope for a better life of a young generation of fighter for freedom.#13 Hector PietersonBy Mathiba MolefeHector Pieterson’s story has become one of those most closely associated with South Africa’s struggle for freedom.The image of an unconscious Hector, being carried by fellow pupil Mbuyisa Makhubo, with Antoinette Sithole, Hector’s sister, running alongside, is one of the most iconic images of the 1976 Soweto student uprising. It was taken by photojournalist Sam Nzima.Born in 1963, Hector was only 12 years old when he was shot by police during a peaceful protest by schoolchildren against Bantu education in Soweto, Johannesburg, on 16 June 1976.Police claimed that the bullet was not intended for the schoolchild, but investigations, ballistics testing and the post-mortem revealed that the bullet had been shot directly at Hector and had not ricocheted off the ground.He was one of the first of 560 casualties of the 1976 Soweto Uprising. There are conflicting reports of who was the first fatality on the day. Another boy, 15-year-old Hastings Ndlovu, was most likely the first child to be shot, although it’s probable that Hector died before him. Hector was declared dead when he arrived at Phefeni Clinic, while the doctor on duty at the then Baragwanath Hospital who treated Hastings, Malcolm Klein, puts the time of his death at around noon or shortly thereafter, several hours after he was shot.Since 1994, 16 June has been observed as a public holiday in South Africa; it is called Youth Day, in memory of the victims of that day and the days that followed.The events have been commemorated in the Hector Pieterson Memorial in Soweto, just two blocks away from where he was shot 40 years ago in Orlando West, as well as in the Hector Pieterson Museum, which was opened in 2002.#14 Surendra Lenny NaiduBy Sulaiman PhilipHonest, humble, concerned about the plight of his community – these words were used to describe Surendra Lenny Naidu, who was gunned down in June 1988 as he tried to make his way back into South Africa.Naidu was 24 and had spent his life as a youth activist and Umkhonto we Sizwe soldier who had led the Lenny Naidu unit, based in Chatsworth. He died believing that the cause he was fighting for – the liberation of South Africa’s downtrodden people – was not only just but worth any sacrifice.He was a founder member of the community-based Helping Hands organisation and activist with the Chatsworth Housing Action Committee. Naidu’s activism was founded on a dream of a united, non-racial South Africa based on equality.In February 1986, he left South Africa for Lusaka, in Zambia; from there he travelled to Angola for military training. Using the nom de guerre Phillip Samuels, he travelled to Swaziland to attempt a return to South Africa. He was killed along with Lindiwe Mthembu, Makhosi Nyoka and Nontsikelelo Cothoza by Eugene Kock’s Vlakplaas assassins.In 2013, Kumi Naidoo, at the time Greenpeace’s international executive director, eulogised Naidu. They had been friends in high school and Kumi remembered a brilliant student and young man who touched and enriched lives. “I can still hear his infectious laughter, which he was able to muster even in trying and frightening moments confronting the apartheid regime as teenagers.”#15 Vuyusile MiniBy Chris AndersonVuyusile Mini was a labour unionist, struggle activist and singer during the early years of apartheid. Inspired by his dockworker father, Mini started his political life at an early age, joining his father in labour demonstrations in Port Elizabeth when he was 17.He joined the ANC in 1951, and was one of first Umkhonto we Sizwe recruits when the armed wing of the ANC was established in 1961. He was arrested for sabotage and other political crimes in 1963 and was sentenced to death by the apartheid government.Mini was hanged in Pretoria Central Prison in 1964, singing self-composed freedom songs as he was led to the gallows, including his most famous of the era, Pasopa nansi ‘ndondemnyama we Verwoerd (Look out, Verwoerd, here come the black people).#16 Thelle MogoeraneBy Chris AndersonThelle Mogoerane was born in 1960; at the age 16, after the 1976 student uprising, he joined Umkhonto we Sizwe as a soldier specialising in covert guerrilla warfare.Mogoerane was one of the Moroka Three, a team responsible for bombings between 1979 and 1981 at the Moroka and Orlando police stations and various other apartheid government key points, included power stations and railway installations.Captured along with Jerry Semano Mosololi and Marcus Thabo Motaung, the three became prominent figureheads in literature popularising the anti-apartheid movements in Europe and the US.All three were executed in Pretoria Central prison in 1983. The memory of Mogoerane was honoured in 2015 when the Natalspruit Hospital in Katlehong was renamed in his honour.#17 Marcus Thabo MotaungBy Shamin ChibbaMarcus Thabo Motaung grew up in Diepkloof, in Soweto in the 1960s and 1970s. As a student at Madibane High School, he was actively involved in the Students Christian Movement.But following his involvement in a bloody student revolt on 4 August 1976, Motaung fled to Swaziland, where he joined the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK). He was taken to Mozambique en route to Angola, where received military training. He was deployed back into South Africa in 1979 as a member of a unit of known as G5.On 3 May 1979, Motaung, Nicky Sangele and Thelle Mogoerane entered the Moroka Police Station, in Soweto and opened fire on police officers on duty. This was followed by another attack in which Motaung and his unit attacked a police station in Orlando, also in Soweto on 2 November 1979.There were 60 staff members in the police precinct during the second attack, and two policemen were critically wounded. They died a few days later in hospital. The unit also attacked Wonderboom Police Station in Pretoria; four policemen were killed. Several more attacks were carried out on police stations in Kliptown, and on Orlando Magistrates Court.Motaung and three other members of the G5 Unit were arrested in their hideout. He was shot three times in the groin by the police during his arrest. A surgeon who saw to him administered nothing more than painkillers and he was denied hospital treatment for two days.In the trial that followed, Motaung and three of the five members of G5 were found guilty and sentenced to death on 6 August 1982. Motaung was one of the members of the group that was known as the Moroka Three, along with Thelle Mogoerane and Jerry Mosololi. They were all executed on 9 June 1983.#18 Trojan Horse MassacreBy Ray MaotaOn 15 October 1985, members of the security forces shot and killed three young people in Athlone, who were demonstrating against the apartheid government in what became known as the Trojan Horse Massacre.A South African Railways truck had been loaded with crates, close to the edges; the middle was empty, creating a space in which heavily armed police were able to hide. The truck drove down Thornton Road in the Cape Town suburb, into the middle of the protest.Then the police, hiding behind the crates, sprang up and opened fire. They killed three young people – Jonathan Claasen, aged 21; Shaun Magmoed, aged 15; and Michael Miranda, aged 11 – and injured several others.An inquest was opened in March 1988 to investigate the actions of the police. The magistrate ruled that the police had acted in an unreasonable way, and 13 men were charged. The case was referred to the Attorney-General of the Cape, who refused to prosecute those who were responsible.The families of those involved waged a civil prosecution but it ended in the acquittal of the accused in December 1989.#19 Lennox MadikaneBy Shamin ChibbaAt about 2am on 22 November 1962, 250 Poqo members, carrying axes, machetes and homemade weapons, marched from Mbekweni township on the outskirts of Paarl in Western Cape to protest against carrying passes.Lennox Madikane was one of them; for his anti-apartheid actions he became one of the first three people to be sentenced to death for sabotage in South Africa.Madikane was a member the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and its military wing, Poqo.The members split into two groups, one to attack the prison and the other the police station. The latter group attacked police patrol vans before police shot at them. Three were killed and others were wounded. Several were arrested.The rest fled, to join the group planning the prison attack. Together they formed a new group that then attacked houses in Loop Street, in Paarl. Two residents were killed.Madikane was arrested and sentenced to death for sabotage. On 1 November 1963, he, Fezile Felix Jaxa and Mxolisi Damane were hanged.#20 Veyisile Sharps QobaBy Shamin ChibbaVeyisile Sharps Qoba was a member of Poqo, the military arm of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). He was involved in attacks against both black and white targets, particularly in the Cape and Transkei, between 1962 and 1963.By June 1963, 3 246 members of Poqo had been arrested across the country and 124 accused of murder.On 16 March 1962, Qoba and four other Poqo activists were arrested for an attack on Michael Livele Moyi, a policeman in Langa. They had injured five others in the process. He was re-arrested later, and this time sentenced to death. He was executed on 7 March 1968.According to South African History Online, Qoba was buried in a pauper’s grave or on sites where protests were unlikely. In October 2010, the National Prosecuting Authority exhumed the bodies of six Poqo members who had been hanged; they were reburied at the Rebecca Street Cemetery in Pretoria. Qoba was one of them.#21 David WebsterBy Mary AlexanderDr David Webster was an anthropologist at Wits University, a founder member of the Detainees Parents Support Committee in 1981, a founder member of the Five Freedoms Forum, and a committed comrade in the United Democratic Front.He was also an active member of the Orlando Pirates supporters club.Webster was shot dead on 1 May 1989 outside his house at 13 Eleanor Street in Troyeville, Johannesburg, by mercenaries employed by the Civil Cooperation Bureau (CCB), a secret apartheid death squad. The mercenaries were paid R40,000 – about eight thousand US dollars.Thousands of people came to Webster’s funeral at St Mary’s Anglican Cathedral in central Johannesburg. In 1998, Ferdi Barnard, the man who pulled the trigger on Webster, was tried for a number of crimes – including the death of Webster. Barnard was found guilty, and sentenced to two life terms plus 63 years.#22 Sharpeville 69By Mary AlexanderOn 21 March 1960, some 5 000 people gathered outside the police station in Sharpeville, a township.The crowd was peaceful, but demanding to be arrested for disobeying the inhuman pass laws. Instead, police guns blazed – and 69 people died.The day, also referred to as Sharpeville Day and Heroes’ Day, finally made the world aware of the inhumanity of the apartheid regime.The uproar among South Africa’s black population was immediate, and the following week saw demonstrations, protest marches, strikes, and riots around the country. On 30 March 1960, the government declared a state of emergency, detaining more than 18 000 people.A storm of international protest followed the Sharpeville shootings, including sympathetic demonstrations in many countries and condemnation by the United Nations. Sharpeville marked a turning point in South Africa’s history as the country found itself increasingly isolated in the international community. The event also played a role in South Africa’s departure from the Commonwealth of Nations in 1961.The Sharpeville massacre led to the banning of the PAC and ANC. It was one of the catalysts for a shift from passive resistance to armed resistance by these organisations. The foundation of Poqo, the military wing of the PAC, and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the ANC, followed shortly afterwards.