An armband projects a user interface onto the skin, enabling users to control devices with a larger touchscreen than is offered by many mobile devices. Credit: Harrison, et al. Skinput interface input armband sensors. (PhysOrg.com) — If you find yourself getting annoyed at the tiny touchscreens on today’s mobile devices, you might be interested in a “new” yet overlooked input surface: yourself. A new skin-based interface called Skinput allows users to use their own hands and arms as touchscreens by detecting the various ultralow-frequency sounds produced when tapping different parts of the skin. Currently, the acoustic detector can detect five skin locations with an accuracy of 95.5%, which corresponds to a sufficient versatility for many mobile applications. The prototype system then uses wireless technology like Bluetooth to transmit the commands to the device being controlled, such as a phone, iPod, or computer. Twenty volunteers who have tested the system have provided positive feedback on the ease of navigation. The researchers say the system also works well when the user is walking or running.As the researchers explain, the motivation for Skinput comes from the increasingly small interactive spaces on today’s pocket-sized mobile devices. They note that the human body is an appealing input device “not only because we have roughly two square meters of external surface area, but also because much of it is easily accessible by our hands (e.g., arms, upper legs, torso).” Citation: Skinput turns your arm into a touchscreen (w/ Video) (2010, March 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-skinput-arm-touchscreen-video.html Skinput is a collaboration between Chris Harrison at Carnegie Mellon University and Dan Morris and Desney Tan at Microsoft’s research lab in Redmond, Washington. The researchers have shown that Skinput can allow users to simply tap their skin in order to control audio devices, play games, make phone calls, and navigate hierarchical browsing systems.In Skinput, a keyboard, menu, or other graphics are beamed onto a user’s palm and forearm from a pico projector embedded in an armband. An acoustic detector in the armband then determines which part of the display is activated by the user’s touch. As the researchers explain, variations in bone density, size, and mass, as well as filtering effects from soft tissues and joints, mean different skin locations are acoustically distinct. Their software matches sound frequencies to specific skin locations, allowing the system to determine which “skin button” the user pressed. Explore further © 2010 PhysOrg.com Good vibrations: Devices aid the deaf by translating sound waves to vibrations — Chris Harrison, Desney Tan, Dan Morris. “Skinput: Appropriating the Body as an Input Surface.” CHI 2010, April 10-15, 2010, Atlanta, Georgia, USA– Skinput project: www.chrisharrison.net/projects/skinput/ More information: This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Play Playing Tetris. “Furthermore, proprioception – our sense of how our body is configured in three-dimensional space – allows us to accurately interact with our bodies in an eyes-free manner,” the researchers write in a recent paper. “For example, we can readily flick each of our fingers, touch the tip of our nose, and clap our hands together without visual assistance. Few external input devices can claim this accurate, eyes-free input characteristic and provide such a large interaction area.” In April, the researchers plan to present their work at the Computer-Human Interaction meeting in Atlanta, Georgia. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen
(PhysOrg.com) — Google announced on Thursday that they are giving their Gmail users additional account security, free of charge. As of Thursday Google account users can turn on a “two-step authentication” feature that will require them to type in a special second password in addition to their normal password to access their account. Users can acquire this short-lived code either by a phone call, text message, or use of smartphone apps for Android, iPhone and Blackberry devices. This feature has been available to paid Google Apps users for the past six months, and now Google has been testing the feature internally with users who have been having problems with hackers getting into their accounts.The process for turning on this feature in your Google account is a little involved and requires approximately 15 minutes to set up. Users will be given the option to give out a backup phone number incase their phone is lost or stolen. Also Google account users who use IMAP access to their Gmail will require a special 16-character, randomly generated password instead of the normal password.So what happens if you lose your phone and backup number? Google considered this may happen and gave users a way to regain access to their account with tough-to-answer security questions.This security feature can pose a problem for anyone who travels overseas and may not be able to receive text messages while traveling. The smartphone apps for Android and the iPhone will generate password codes without a network connection.The “two-step authentication” feature is currently only available in English however Google is working on translation and should be available for smartphone apps to all Google users in their native languages in a few months. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further Google says over 30 million people using Google Apps Citation: Google account users get extra security (2011, February 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-02-google-account-users-extra.html More information: Google Blog Google just made it harder for hackers to hack into Google user accounts. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
More information: Dangerous jellyfish blooms are predictable, Published 14 May 2014 DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2013.1168AbstractThe potentially fatal Irukandji syndrome is relatively common in tropical waters throughout the world. It is caused by the sting of the Irukandji jellyfish, a family of box jellyfish that are almost impossible to detect in the water owing to their small size and transparency. Using collated medical records of stings and local weather conditions, we show that the presence of Irukandji blooms in coastal waters can be forecast on the basis of wind conditions. On the Great Barrier Reef, blooms largely coincide with relaxation of the prevailing southeasterly trade winds, with average conditions corresponding to near zero alongshore wind on the day prior to the sting. These conditions are consistent with hypotheses long held by local communities and provide a basis for designing management interventions that have the potential to eliminate the majority of stings. (Phys.org) —A small team of researchers working in Australia has found a link between trade winds that blow near the Great Barrier Reef and jellyfish blooms that impact swimmers along the coast. In their paper published in Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, the researchers describe how they studied weather patterns over a 27 year period and compared what they found with reported jellyfish stings and found a pattern that may help prevent jellyfish stings in the future. There are a lot of jellyfish in the sea, some big, some small, some with relatively minor stings, others with stings that are not only painful but at times life threatening to humans. The Irukandji jellyfish (Carukia barnesi – a type of box jelly) is one of the latter, it’s tiny—just about the size of the end of a human thumb—very nearly transparent when in water, and has a sting so severe that its symptoms have been given a name: Irukandji syndrome. The jellies also tend to live in groups, which means that one person can wind up with multiple stings, or multiple people can get stung in short order. On the plus side, the fact that they move in groups means that most of the time they pose little risk—it’s only when they “bloom” and move close to shore that they become a problem. Unfortunately, until now, it’s been difficult if not impossible to predict when such a bloom might occur, offering beach managers a way of protecting swimmers. In this latest effort, the researchers believe they have found a way to give swimmers up to a day’s warning. They compared weather data over the period 1985 to 2012 with reports of Irukandji syndrome and found a clear link between calm southeasterly trade winds near the Great Barrier Reef and stings on the shores nearby. They believe the calm winds impact currents, pulling they jellies near shore. They also believe that closing beaches after spotting calm easterlies would reduce the number of days that stings are reported by up to 61 percent.Only time will tell of course, but if the easterly wind connection holds true to the past, beach managers, lifeguards and swimmers themselves may find the waters off the coast of Australia a lot safer in the future. Taking the heat out of jellyfish stings © 2014 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Drifters-in-the-sea: salps bloom off the coast of New Zealand. Credit: Seacology Citation: Study shows jellyfish blooms can be predicted by calm trade winds (2014, May 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-jellyfish-blooms-calm.html Journal information: Journal of the Royal Society Interface
A row of culture flasks in which algae, for example Emilinia huxleyi are cultivated in the laboratory. Credit: Dr. Kai T Lohbeck (GEOMAR) More information: Adaptation of a globally important coccolithophore to ocean warming and acidification, Nature Climate Change (2014) DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2379AbstractAlthough ocean warming and acidification are recognized as two major anthropogenic perturbations of today’s oceans we know very little about how marine phytoplankton may respond via evolutionary change. We tested for adaptation to ocean warming in combination with ocean acidification in the globally important phytoplankton species Emiliania huxleyi. Temperature adaptation occurred independently of ocean acidification levels. Growth rates were up to 16% higher in populations adapted for one year to warming when assayed at their upper thermal tolerance limit. Particulate inorganic (PIC) and organic (POC) carbon production was restored to values under present-day ocean conditions, owing to adaptive evolution, and were 101% and 55% higher under combined warming and acidification, respectively, than in non-adapted controls. Cells also evolved to a smaller size while they recovered their initial PIC:POC ratio even under elevated CO2. The observed changes in coccolithophore growth, calcite and biomass production, cell size and elemental composition demonstrate the importance of evolutionary processes for phytoplankton performance in a future ocean. Journal information: Nature Climate Change This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The researchers acknowledge that their experiments were carried out in a rather sterile environment, sans predators, viruses and other dangers to their survival, thus the results are preliminary at best. But still, they do indicate that some species might survive the impending changes to the ocean, and some might even thrive, even as many, many others are likely to disappear because they aren’t able to evolve as quickly. © 2014 Phys.org Flasks in their custom-built climate cabinet. Credit: Dr. Kai T Lohbeck (GEOMAR) Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins Citation: Researchers find one type of algae able to adapt to warming oceans (2014, September 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-09-algae-oceans.html (Phys.org) —A team of German biology researchers has found that at least one type of algae appears able to adapt to rising ocean temperatures and the accompanying increased acidification. In their paper published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the team describes how they subjected algae specimens to warmer and/or more acidic water over a year’s time and the changes in the algae that came about as a result. In general, scientists don’t expect many species to evolve to meet the challenge of a warming planet—the temperature rise is happening faster than most species could adapt to it, thus little work has been done to see which if any might be able to do so. In this new effort the team in Germany studied the tiny marine algae Emiliania huxleyi—a type of phytoplankton that grows in groups into large floating masses that serve as food to a wide variety of fish and other sea creatures. They were chosen because of their fast reproduction rate—up to 500 generations in a single year, or more than one a day, on average. This of course makes them more likely to be able to evolve to meet a rapidly changing environment.The researchers started with many samples of the algae as they now exist, keeping them in flasks in their lab. As time passed, some were transferred to flasks containing warmer and/or more acidic water. Those that survived were put into even warmer or more acidic water. This continued for a year during which time the algae evolved to survive in their rapidly changing environment—which eventually included water temperatures as high as 80°F, representing the worst-case scenario for water ocean water temperature increases over the next century or so. The team reports that the individual algae became smaller, but they also grew faster, suggesting they might form even bigger or denser real world plumes. Explore further A scanning electron micrograph of three Emiliania huxleyi cells. Credit: Dr. Kai T Lohbeck (GEOMAR)
Metal-organic framework with a fixed composition despite initial concentration of components © 2015 Phys.org More information: Hao Li et al. Quantitative self-assembly of a purely organic three-dimensional catenane in water, Nature Chemistry (2015). DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2392AbstractSelf-assembly by means of coordinative bond formation has opened up opportunities for the high-yield synthesis of molecules with complex topologies. However, the preparation of purely covalent molecular architectures in aqueous media has remained a challenging task. Here, we present the preparation of a three-dimensional catenane through a self-assembly process that relies on the formation of dynamic hydrazone linkages in an acidic aqueous medium. The quantitative synthesis process and the mechanically interlocked structure of the resulting catenane were established by NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, X-ray crystallography and HPLC studies. In addition, the labile hydrazone linkages of the individual catenane components may be ‘locked’ by increasing the pH of the solution, yielding a relatively kinetically stable molecule. The present study thus details a simple approach to the creation and control of complex molecular architectures under reaction conditions that mimic biological milieux. (Phys.org)—There are many naturally-occurring supermolecular structures. Among them are catenanes. From the Latin for “chain”, a catenane is comprised of two interlocked molecules, and have been found in the mitochondrial DNA of HeLa and leukemia cells. Researchers are interested in synthetically deriving catenanes using naturally-occurring conditions in an effort to understand how they formed in natural as well as exploit their unique architecture for biological and technological uses.Catenane chemistry is typically done in organic solvents, but biological applications are predominantly in aqueous environments. Hao Li, Huacheng Zhang, Aaron D. Lammer, Ming Wang, Xiaopeng Li, Vincent M. Lynch, and Jonathan L. Sessler from Zhejiang University, The University of Texas at Austin, Texas State University, and Shanghai University have isolated and characterized an organic catenane that was made using a one-step synthesis in an aqueous acidic solvent and in relatively high yields. Furthermore, they demonstrated that their catenane is environmentally tunable and highly stable. Their work appears in the recent edition of Nature Chemistry. Structural formulae of precursors A13+, H1 and the catenane C6+. Credit: (c) 2015 Nature Chemistry (2015). DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2392 Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Li, et al. built their catenane by employing organic functional groups that were not only water soluble, but would also promote self-assembly. They combined an aldehyde compound with a hydrazine in D2O and trifluoroacetate to produce a hydrazone (-C=N-N) linkage. This synthesis was carried out over eight hours at 70oC, and evidence from HPLC-MS indicated that the resulting catenane was produced in near quantitative yields.In order to verify that they made the target catenane, C6+, Li, et al. used NMR, X-ray diffraction, and mass spectrometry. NMR studies of the product compared to the starting materials demonstrated the expected proton shift for an aldehyde-amino condensation reaction. Additionally, shifts in the tetraphenyl protons indicated that they are more shielded than in the starting materials, providing evidence for placement within the cavity of the catenane.Crystal studies confirmed the three-dimensional structure of C6+, as well as provided insights into which parts of the interlocked structure were likely stabilized by pi-pi interactions. Two different crystals were grown based on differing counterions, C6+ •6CF3CO2- and C6+ •6Cl-. Both are made using the same synthetic procedure except for using DCl instead of trifluoroacetate. C6+ •6Cl-produced a better crystal and was used to determine structural characteristics. This study confirmed that the structure is comprised of two interlocking cage-structures. Additionally, ESI-MS showed distinctive mass peaks for the catenane.The high yield and relative stability of C6+ indicates that it is thermodynamically favored over the non-interlocked molecules, likely due to hydrophobic effects and pi-pi donor-acceptor interactions. To see how C6+ behaves in differing environments, Li, et al. added DMSO to their reaction mixture in varying ratios of water-to-DMSO. They found that as DMSO increased, the catenane dissociated into oligomers. Precipitating these oligomers and re-dissolving them in D2O and trifluoroacetate retrieved the catenane. They also determined that C6+ is stable at room temperature for eight hours in neutral and weakly basic solvent.This research shows, for the first time, the synthesis and characterization of a purely organic three-dimensional catenane in aqueous media using self-assembly methods. Furthermore, the pH tunability of this catenane opens the door for biologically relevant studies in water using mechanically interlocked molecules. Journal information: Nature Chemistry Citation: Organic catenane self-assembles in acidic water (2015, November 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-11-catenane-self-assembles-acidic.html
The g, r, and i composite HSC images before (left) and after (right) the explosion of HSC16aayt. Credit: Moriya et al., 2019. HSC16aay was first identified by the Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) transient survey as part of Subaru Strategic Program (SSP) during observations conducted between November 2016 and April 2017. Subsequent observations of this transient have shown that its light curve evolved very slowly and that the apparent nearest galaxy on the sky had a photometric redshift of 1.45. Taking into account these two facts, the researchers believe that HSC16aay may be a high-redshift supeluminous supernova (SN).In order to verify this assumption, a group of astronomers led by Takashi J. Moriya of National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) has performed follow-up observations of HSC16aay using the HSC instrument and the Gemini South telescope in Chile. The results provided more evidence suggesting the supernova nature of this source.”Spectra of HSC16aayt show a strong narrow emission line and we classify it as a Type IIn supernova,” the astronomers wrote in the paper.This conclusion of Moriya’s team is due to the fact that Type IIn supernovae are a subclass of hydrogen-rich SNe showing narrow emission lines in their spectra. Astronomers assume that these narrow lines originate from the interaction between ejecta from supernovae and dense circumstellar media (CSM) formed by the progenitors before their explosion.In particular, when it comes to the properties of HSC16aay’s light curve, the researchers found the peak optical magnitude at likely around −19.9 mag, which is common for Type IIn supernovae. The transient shows a very slow photometric evolution with a rise time of over 100 days, and the optical magnitude change in 400 days remains within 0.6 mag. The redshift of HSC16aay was measured to be approximately 0.68.In general, the astronomers noted that overall properties of HSC16aayt (which received supernova designation SN 2016jiu) are similar to those of the other Type IIn supernova known as SN 2008iy, but HSC16aayt was found to be more luminous.Furthermore, the location of HSC16aayt was calculated at about 16,300 light years away from its host galaxy center. According to the authors of the study, such a relatively large distance may indicate that the object is an isolated Type IIn SN, however, other explanation cannot be excluded.”HSC16aayt might be another example of isolated Type IIn supernovae, although the possible existence of underlying star-forming activity of the host galaxy at the supernova location is not excluded,” the astronomers concluded.They added that at the moment it is difficult to determine the shape and orientation of the host galaxy. Therefore, the star-forming activity scenario remains plausible if these properties are uncertain. More information: Takashi J. Moriya et al. Slowly evolving interacting transient rising for more than 100 days arXiv:1907.01633v1 [astro-ph.HE]: arxiv.org/abs/1907.01633 HSC16aayt Citation: HSC16aay is a Type IIn supernova, study suggests (2019, July 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-hsc16aay-iin-supernova.html New research presented by an international team of astronomers suggests that a recently detected transient, designated HSC16aay, is a Type IIn supernova. A research paper reporting the discovery and detailing the finding, was published July 2 on the arXiv pre-print server. © 2019 Science X Network Study reveals properties of a Type Ib supernova in NGC 4080 Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Seeing his son download apps on his mobile phone, this Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officer had a brainwave – to create an app for Delhi’s monuments, both well-known and obscure, so that tourists could keep this information ‘handy’ as a ‘self guide’. The 3.92 MB app ‘ASI Delhi Circle’ has been available since April but has somehow not been promoted by the ASI.‘Those days are gone when people would carry their laptops or guide books to look for a place. When your phone has convenient applications to make your search easy, I thought we (ASI) too should have something like this to offer,’ the circle’s superintending archaeologist Vasant Kumar Swarnkar said. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘This app is made for tourists and the best way to describe it is as a self guide,’ he added.This fascination for convenient technology led Swarnkar to his friend, Vijay Bharadwaj, whose expertise lies in software development. After several brainstorming sessions and understanding what a tourist would be looking for, the ‘ASI Delhi Circle’ app was created.‘The idea was to expose tourists to other monuments that are not so popular but have traces of our history,’ said Swarnkar.The app can be downloaded for free on smart phones.There are four sections in it: monuments; gallery; plan your itinerary; and information about ASI.Within the monument section, there are two sub-divisions: popular and all, Swarnkar said.‘There are around 158 ASI-listed monuments in the city and they come under the ‘all’ section, whereas monuments like Qutab Minar make it in the popular section,’ he said.
After the bowlers led by off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin (4/25) bundled out UAE for a paltry 102 in only 31.3 overs, the batsmen made short work of the target knocking off the required runs in only 18.5 overs in a completely lop-sided Pool B contest.India thus maintained their grip on the top spot in the league table with three wins from as many matches which took their points tally to six. With three matches against West Indies, Zimbabwe and Ireland left, Dhoni and his boys, are well on course of topping the group. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIShikhar Dhawan (14) started off well with three sweetly-timed boundaries before Rohan Mustafa at gully pulled off a one-handed stunner to send him back. The pacer was Mohammed Naveed.Rohit Sharma hit a fluent unbeaten 57 off 55 deliveries with the help of 10 fours and a six to notch up a significant score before the West Indies game.While runs against UAE may not be the best indicator of anyone?s current form, but some of Rohit?s silken strokes would certainly keep the Caribbean bowlers worried before the duel on March 6. Also Read – Health remains key challenge in India’s development: KovindTwo strokes that stand out were cover drives off rival captain Mohammed Tauqir?s off-spin. The first was hit through extra cover and the long-off fielder failed to stop it. The second off the very next delivery was hit finer and the result was same. Even when Rohit played the pull shot, it seemed as if he was indulging in touchplay rather use sheer muscle.Virat Kohli (33 not out) had a calm day in office.Despite that he added 75 runs for the unbroken second wicket with Rohit in 12.2 overs.The winning boundary was hit by Rohit and the celebrations were predictably muted as the win against UAE was taken for granted.
Kolkata: Railway Protection Force (RPF) of Eastern Railway arrested a gang of four criminals along with sharp weapons near the track of Barddhaman Down Yard on July 21. They targetted passengers for dacoity/snatching. The miscreants were handed over to the local police.The RPF rescued eight minor boys loitering around railway platforms accompanied by elders at various stations including Howrah, Jasidih, Bariyarpur, Barrackpore and Barakar during last one week. The guardians were connected and the boys were handed over after proper verification. Besides, the RPF Post of Bhagalpur station recovered 40 of partly manufactured Pistols in an unclaimed bag from a general coach of Malda-Jamalpur Intercity Express at Bhagalpur station on July 22. The RPF also recovered 900 pouches of country liquor during a special drive at Jasidih station on July 22. One man and three women were arrested in this connection.
Year ending holiday week is here and one has the time to make and experiment while cooking. Here is a recipie of Rum soaked mix fruit mince Pie from The Imperial. Rum soaked mix fruit Mince PIEIngredients225gms of cold butter, diced350gms plain flour100gms castor sugar280gms rum soaked mix dry nuts1 small eggIcing sugar to dust.Salt a pinchMethod1. To make the pastry, rub 225g cold, diced butter into 350g plain flour, then mix in 100g castor sugar and a pinch of salt. Combine the pastry into a ball – don’t add liquid – and knead it briefly. The dough will be fairly firm, like shortbread dough. You can use the dough immediately, or chill for later. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’2. Preheat the oven to 200C/gas. Line mall tart moulds, by pressing small walnut-sized balls of pastry into each shell. Spoon 280g of rum soaked dry fruits into the pies.3. Take slightly smaller balls of pastry than before and pat them out between your hands to make round lids, big enough to cover the pies. Top the pies with their lids, pressing the edges gently together to seal 4. Beat 1 small egg and brush the tops of the pies. Bake for 20 minutes until golden. Leave to cool in the tin for 5 minutes, and then remove to a wire rack. To serve, lightly dust with icing sugar. They will keep for 3 to 4 days in an airtight container.
Puppies with overly attentive mothers are less likely to succeed at completing a training programme to become guide dogs for blind and visually impaired people, according to a study. Researchers embedded themselves at a breeding facility, taking videos and closely observing 23 mothers and their 98 puppies for their first five weeks of life.”We documented things like her nursing position, how much time she spent looking away from the puppies and how much time she spent in close proximity to her puppies or licking and grooming them,” said Emily Bray from University of Pennsylvania in the US. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfA statistical analysis of all of this data revealed differences across the mothers, with some being particularly attentive and others less so.When researchers tracked the puppies a couple of years down the line, they found that those with mothers that were more attentive were less likely to graduate from the training programme to become guide dogs.In particular, those dogs whose mothers nursed more often lying down, as opposed to sitting or standing up, were less likely to succeed, researchers said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”It is remarkable. These puppies were with their mom for only five weeks and it is having an effect on their success two years later. It seems that puppies need to learn how to deal with small challenges at this early age and, if they do not, it hurts them later,” Bray said.If a mother is lying on her stomach, the puppies basically have free access to milk, but, if the mother is standing up, then the puppies have to work to get it, researchers said. “A hypothesis might be that you have to provide your offspring with minor obstacles that they can overcome for them to succeed later in life because, as we know, life as an adult involves obstacles,” said Robert Seyfarth from University of Pennsylvania.Researchers conducted a second part of the study after the puppies had gone to live with foster families and then returned for specific guide-dog training.The dogs, at this point young adults at 14 to 17 months old, were given tests to measure their cognition and temperament.A test of cognitive problem-solving skills, for example, involved a game with which the dog has to perform a multi-step task in order to reach a treat.Tests of temperament included observing the dogs’ reactions, such as how long they took to bark to an umbrella being opened or to entering a room with a mechanical cat they’d never seen before, researchers said.”We saw that some dogs were calm and collected and solved problems quickly, while others were more reactive and perseverated at the problem-solving tasks,” Bray said.Dogs that did well at the problem-solving tasks and took longer to bark at novel objects were more likely to succeed in the guide-dog-training program, researchers said. The study was published in journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Gone are the days when fashion was just confined to flaunting the latest trends. Today, fashionistas love to play with their creative mind so as to bring out something exceptional; something that does not only add to the glamour quotient but also takes the welfare of environment into consideration. In short, ‘Green fashion’ is the new black. And joining hands to popularize the concept of sustainable fashion are the budding designers who recently brought up their innovative collections on the platform of ‘Asian Designer Week 2017’. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFocusing on the theme of ‘fashion meets nature’, the two-day event witnessed a grand celebration of fashion, style, and design with a show power packed by forthcoming designers. “We have always realized the potential of this untouched section of designers who could bring revolution in the fashion industry and hence we decided to offer more to them. That’s why this time, we have focused more on the young and emerging talent. They may be new but they are very talented and have the ability to blow your creative minds with their latest collections,” says Vivek Rawat, the creative director behind the show. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWhen millennials support and work towards a change, it surely brings positive results. Considering it as the need of the hour, not only the Indian designers but ones from Afghanistan and Bangladesh, boldly propagated the idea of ‘sustainable fashion’ at the fashion week. Speaking of how the fashion industry plays a major role in harming the environment, Sahil Bhatia, an emerging designer says, “I prefer to use natural fabrics in my collection because I believe the choices that we make for our clothing reverberate throughout society in various ways. Polyesters and other synthetic fabrics are hazardous waste generators. In fact, the manufacture of synthetic fabrics is an energy-intensive process releasing acidic gases, which aggravate health problems. Hence, sustainable fashion is what we need right now.” Sahil’s collection, ‘Pandoras Box’, reflected the idea of evil flowing out of the doomed box into the world, leaving us with hope. Other collections also imparted a sense of responsibility, within the designers, towards a better future. Nazila Sawhney, an Afghan-born Canadian fashion designer presented vintage, ethnic Afghan inspired looks, keeping the heritage alive while promoting today’s demanding trends. On the other hand, Swati Mishra, a Delhi based young designer took an attempt to revive woollen fabric, which is indeed the dying textile in India.Another group of designers, who stole the show, were from the International School of Design as they left no stone unturned to exhibit their creative side. Talking about their collection, the CEO of the school said, “The entire collection presented by our students revolved around the theme of the show. You will be amazed to see how they have worked with jute, cotton, ikkat and other organic fabrics to craft beautiful and trendy designer clothes. The whole idea was to come out of the standardized silhouette and experiment with something beyond imagination. For example, you could never expect a khadi evening gown to look elegant and fancy as the very fabric (to make such gowns) that comes to mind is satin or georgette.”But are common people going to join hands to bring out the desired change?Robby Rawat, MD, iGenius, feels that common people imitate what they see. “It’s essential for the designers to talk more about the sustainable fashion as it influences the commoners to a great extent. Moreover, it’s a better alternative of course. Sustainable fashion is far more affordable and pocket-friendly, owing to the fabric used in making it. So, it’s a fair deal for everybody.”Someone said it right: ‘Creativity of a person should benefit him and not harm anyone. And truly, the future of the fashion industry will prosper under the leadership of such minds that supports the ideology of ‘creativity with responsibility.’
Kolkata: The District Election Officer (DEO) of South 24-Parganas has written to the Divisional Railway Manager (DRM) of Sealdah division urging him to make arrangements of some special train services for smooth disposal of huge number of polling personnel in connection with the last phase of the Lok Sabha elections in Bengal on Sunday, May 19.”After the conclusion of the poll process and subsequent submission of poll-related materials like EVMs, VVPATs and the like at the corresponding receiving centres, the voting personnel will start returning to their residences, many of which are located in far away scattered places from the South 24-Parganas district in which a number of booths are located in remote areas. Such large scale movement cannot be done by buses. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”So we have sought additional train services,” a senior official in the DEO office in the district said. The last local train from Diamond Harbour to Sealdah leaves Diamond Harbour at 22.15 pm. However, on Sundays, there are times when it remains cancelled. The DEO has urged the DRM to ensure the services of this local train at 22.15 or 22.30 pm and also make arrangements for a special train at 1 am on Monday to cater to the rush of the polling personnel. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateDEO Y Ratnakara Rao has also urged the DRM to make similar arrangements for plying of the last trains leaving from Baruipur, Lakshmikantapur, Namkhana and Canning stations for Sealdah and special trains late at night to manage the heavy rush. It may be mentioned that the entire Gosaba Assembly constituency under Joynagar Parliamentary constituency that has 257 booths and nearly half of Patharpratima Assembly constituency with 136 out of 293 booths are located in remote riverine locations. The district administration’s elaborate arrangements have ensured that polling personnel reach these places 48 hours in advance. “We have made all DCRCs weather-proof taking lessons from the 2009 Lok Sabha elections when 200 EVMs were damaged due to inclement weather and machines were procured from Hyderabad on a war footing to address the crisis situation. “A large part of the district, being located in the coastal belt, experiencing natural calamity is always on the cards. So we need to be prepared fully in advance,” the senior official added. The Eastern Railway authorities have already responded and have assured to make the necessary arrangements.
A two-day workshop titled ‘Shadaj se Nishad tak’ on musicology was held by the Cultural Archives on October 11–12 at Lecture hall of IGNCA’s new building complex in New Delhi.The workshop was conducted by an intern of the Cultural Archives, Sanjeevani Jain – who is presently studying her Masters on Musicology from the University of Amsterdam – to introduce the school children to the nuances of the basics of Hindustani classical music. The girl students of Sarvodaya Kanya Vidyalaya Magazine Road, New Delhi, who have had no formal training of music were invited to participate in the workshop. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAs a part of the workshop, a basic knowledge of what is ‘Hindustani classical music’ and ‘the seven notes’ with their meanings and from where these swaras were derived was demonstrated through audio-visual mediums on the first day.Whereas, on the second day the students were shown to films ‘oral tradition of the vedas’ and ‘A chairy tale’ depicting the connection between music and various bhavas or emotions.The children were also given some notes to combine and compose different sargams or tunes.Despite being introduced for the first time the participants were quick to imbibe the subject and took a keen interest in the subject and also performed on both the days an activity pertaining to the workshop.Children were actively engaged and were enthusiastic about more such workshops. Certificates were distributed at the end of the session by Dr Ramesh C Gaur, Director (Lib and Inf.), Kala Nidhi Division.
Kolkata: The state Municipal Affairs department has informed the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) that earthen ovens used for tandoor food and for ironing purposes will be replaced by electric ovens to curb pollution.”We will be providing electric chullahs to the food vendors and those who are associated with ironing of clothes will be given electric irons so that they can replace their earthen ovens. We are working on the subsidy model that can be provided so that they can shift to the electric ones. We are expecting to roll out this plan from the ongoing financial year,” said Subrata Gupta, Principal Secretary of state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs department while addressing a national workshop on Need for Urban Planning to Mitigate Air Pollution hosted jointly by the Bengal chapter of the Institute of Town Planners (ITPI) and department of Architecture and Regional Planning of IIT Kharagpur. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAccording to Gupta, the state government has already carried out a survey in the city and its adjoining areas and have found that there are 28,000 stalls that use such earthen ovens for cooking and ironing of clothes. According to a study by the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), one third of the air pollution in the city results from the indiscriminate use of earthen ovens. Gupta also added that electric buses are being rolled out in phases and in a few months there will be 80 such buses in the city. New Town has five electric buses running and another five are in the process of taking to the roads. “We are trying to involve school students to create awareness about the dangers of air pollution,” said Dipankar Sinha, chairman ITPI, Bengal Regional Chapter.
Colonel Sanders was more than just a brand ambassador. He was also a man. In many ways his life and work intertwined – notably with his rank, which was given because of the quality of his chicken rather than for any military purpose. Yet there was a side of the Colonel that typically stays out of sight. That of the tragedies he suffered on the long road to success. Some even occurred after he made his millions with that secret recipe sensation. Kentucky Colonel Harland Sanders in the 1970s, in character Photo by Edgy01 CC BY-SA 3.0Kentucky Fried Chicken was as far from an overnight success as it’s possible to get. The journey didn’t begin for Harland Sanders until he reached middle age. Before then he’d taken many paths, surprising in their variety.His cooking skills, however, were always there. As a 1970 New Yorker profile observes, “He learned to cook at an earlier age than many children learn to ride a bicycle.”Toward the end of the 19th century, he was a young boy who’d learned to feed a family in the absence of his mother Margaret Ann. She was out working at a factory, alongside another job as a seamstress.“Cape Town, South Africa – June 21, 2011: A KFC bucket bearing the image of founder Colonel Harland Sanders is placed above a Drive-thru sign at a suburban KFC franchise in Cape Town.”Sanders’ father Wilbur David had passed away a few years after his birth in 1890, meaning it fell on young Harland to shoulder household responsibilities. Then gainful employment beckoned. He started work on a farm at the age of 10. Margaret Ann married again and the clan moved to Indianapolis. But any happiness was short-lived for Harland, who fell out with his stepfather and ended up striking out on his own and dropping out of education.Sanders at age 7 with his mother in 1897Though hard work was Sanders’ watchword he was also restless, and moved from job to job. His first marriage – to Josephine King from Alabama in 1908 – suffered through this lack of stability.Mashed.com listed his numerous roles, which “included a brief stint in the U.S. Army (during which he was sent to Cuba), as well as working as a streetcar conductor, a railroad fireman, an insurance salesman, a secretary, a tire salesman, a ferry operator, a lawyer, and even a brief stint as a midwife (really!).”Sanders working in his cafe at Corbin, Kentucky, c. 1930sOne devastating event left a lasting mark on Sanders. Harland Jr, one of 3 children he had with Josephine, died in a tragic and unexpected way at 20. He went to have a routine tonsillectomy and developed fatal blood poisoning in 1932. It was a bitter pill to swallow, especially as Sanders’ business interests were looking up. Now entering his forties, he ran a Kentucky gas station and also served food. Really good food.“It wasn’t glamorous work, but it landed Sanders the one thing he’d never found in his life: success,” wrote Mashed.com. “It was a modest yet satisfying life for the Colonel. A few years later, he took out the gas pumps and set up his first restaurant.”The world’s first KFC franchise, located in South Salt Lake, Utah Photo by BigBen212 CC BY SA 3.0Unbeknownst to him, he had built the foundations of Kentucky Fried Chicken. He earned the title of Colonel (from state governor Ruby Laffoon) and eventually those meals became more than just a livelihood. Sadly another setback lay ahead before he could get to that destination.Sanders depended on the flow of traffic to survive. That was cut off when the busy highway junction was moved, followed somewhat cruelly by the building of an interstate highway miles away from the restaurant. Harland sold his business at a loss and took to the road for what could have been one last roll of the dice.He went door to door at eateries up and down the US, armed with his secret weapon… the chicken recipe. Progress was made but nevertheless this was “a slow, expensive, and humiliating way to pursue business partners.”Colonel Harland David Sanders (September 9, 1890 – December 16, 1980) and his wife Claudia in their kitchen. Kentucky, September 1974 (Photo by John Olson/ The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)Also “Sanders (and sometimes his wife) lived out of his car and ate begged meals from friends whenever he could.” The marriage finally ended in 1947. He wed Claudia Price 2 years later and they remained together until his death.Through tremendous perseverance, by 1964, 600 outlets were dishing up that lip-smacking brand of the Colonel’s original recipe, the ingredients of which remained a trade secret, though the name KFC hadn’t been applied yet. It should have been blue skies and sunshine for the Colonel from there on in, and to a degree it was.But there was also discontent after he sold the franchise that same year to Kentucky lawyer John Y. Brown Jr, who was working alongside millionaire Jack Massey. Their determination to take the business off Sanders’ hands paid off. By this time he was into his seventies and maybe didn’t have the energy for cutting and thrusting. He parted ways with his dream company for $2 million plus a $40,000 salary.“Stamford, CT, USA July 26th, 2011. KFC was founded by Harland Sanders and is headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.”It certainly wasn’t a dog’s life for the Colonel following the sale but he did have his regrets. While his role was now as the face of KFC, his exacting standards meant he clashed with his new bosses.As the New Yorker put it, “The Colonel is vexed almost beyond endurance by the subject of gravy.” For Sanders, quality was king. He just had a different idea of it than his corporate colleagues. As one exec said, “Let’s face it, the Colonel’s gravy was fantastic, but you had to be a Rhodes Scholar to cook it.”It wasn’t unknown for the Colonel to visit a KFC at random to sample their wares. His religious convictions didn’t extend to colorful language and his comments were expressed without a filter. “If the gravy meets his low expectations, he delivers one of his withering gravy critiques, sometimes emphasizing his points by banging his cane on whatever furniture is handy.”Kentucky Fried ChickenHe also went toe to toe with the chicken giant by first opening his own restaurant, then bad-mouthing the company’s standards in the press. All the while he continued as KFC’s chief representative.The New Yorker remarked “Though the Colonel is sometimes cantankerous in private, he is a smooth, charming pro in public… “Everywhere he goes, he attracts crowds of housewives who are grateful for all the nights in the kitchen that K.F.C. has spared them.”Colonel Sanders statue sitting on bench at KFC in Antioch, CaliforniaPhoto by Checkingfax –CC BY-SA 3.0Fans flocked to him, though he wasn’t averse to issuing withering put-downs behind their backs. Even so, the public persona was as immaculate as his white suit. It took a while for Harland Sanders to realize his potential, but once he did, it wasn’t for him to sit back on his laurels. The ride was bumpy but highly rewarding.Read another story from us: 5 Fast Food Joints and the Stories Behind Their NamesOne sentence sums him up better than anything: “The Colonel maintains vigilant fretfulness in the face of overwhelming good fortune.” With the tragedies he and his family endured, it wasn’t surprising he had his doubts.
The Bank of England is one of the oldest financial institutions in the world, tasked with maintaining monetary stability in the United Kingdom. Since 1734 it has occupied a 3.4-acre site in London’s Threadneedle Street, where the iconic building conceals eight subterranean vaults filled with gold. According to The Spectator, the bank was constructed with security in mind, and its walls are 8 feet thick. The specially designed keys to the vaults are more than a foot long, and are now bolstered by voice recognition technology, in addition to a state-of-the-art protection system.The Bank of England holds an extraordinary £100 billion of gold, according to The Independent, making it the second largest keeper of gold in the world, after the New York Federal Reserve.The Bank of England.This colossal wealth is stored as 400,000 thick, gold bars weighing just over 12kg each. The collective weight of all this gold is 5,134 tons, and it needs to be carefully spread across eight different vaults to prevent it from sinking into the ground.The bank prides itself on having never been robbed at any point in its 325-year history. However, it is rumored that the bank’s defenses were actually breached in the 19th century when an enterprising sewer worker managed to gain access to the main gold vault. According to the bank’s website, this incredible incident was the source of considerable embarrassment to its venerable, Victorian directors.Sealing of the Bank of England Charter (1694), by Lady Jane Lindsay, 1905In 1836, the directors of the Bank of England received an anonymous letter, in which the author claimed to have direct access to the gold in the bank.The directors assumed this to be a joke and simply ignored it. However, sometime later, they received another letter, in which the enigmatic author offered to meet them at an hour of their choosing inside the main gold vault.According to the bank’s website, the directors were intrigued but considered it impossible for someone to break into the vault without their knowledge. Nevertheless, they agreed to the meeting and gathered together one evening, inside the vault as agreed.Satirical cartoon protesting against the introduction of paper money, by James Gillray, 1797. The “Old Lady of Threadneedle St” (the Bank personified) is ravished by William Pitt the Younger.To their great surprise, at the appointed time, a noise was heard beneath the floorboards, and a man popped up underneath their feet. He was a sewer worker who had been working on repairs close to the Bank of England site at Threadneedle Street. During his routine inspection, he had discovered an old drain that led directly underneath the gold vault inside the bank itself.Related Video: Divers Stumble Upon 2,000 ‘Priceless’ Gold CoinsThe drain provided an ideal access point to the gold vault, and constituted a major security breach. The directors of the bank were aghast at the discovery of such a significant hole in their carefully constructed security arrangements.Low angle view of the main facades of the Bank of England and London Stock Exchange and the London Troops memorial at Bank Junction in the City of London. London.After a quick stock take, they realized that the sewer worker had not taken anything from the vault, despite having multiple opportunities to do so. As a reward for his honesty, the directors gifted him £800, a sum that equates to £80,000 in today’s money and which would have surely transformed the man’s life.London’s Financial area with new architecture style on the horizon sitting amongst older Georgian architecture.The story is a well-known rumor and is featured on the bank’s website. However, there are no records within the bank’s archives that attest to the story, and the name of the honest sewer worker has not been passed down with the story.Read another story from us: The Elusive Queen of Sheba – Who was she Really?We do know, however, that official repair works were undertaken by city authorities on Threadneedle Street in 1836, close to the site of the bank, so the story is certainly plausible. It may be that the bank’s directors were simply too embarrassed to keep an official record of the incident. Either way, it is a cautionary tale for bankers across the world: build your walls thick, but don’t forget to check the drains!
5 min read November 21, 2011 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Register Now » Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Given the growing mix of smartphones and tablets that do double-duty for business and personal use, these devices are among the most difficult company assets to manage and protect. When one of those tools goes missing, not only would the employee’s personal information be at risk, but company email, messages, video assets and — most worrisome — client contact information, company log-ins and access codes all could be potentially exposed.Small firms now find themselves having to keep tabs on a constantly-changing roster of employee-owned and managed devices. How should a small business track, manage and protect its smartphone inventory? One solution is to find a combination of software and gadgets that allows you to not only track company-affiliated mobile devices, but protect and manage the work information stored on those devices.Here are some problems to anticipate and steps to take to head them off:Lost phones. The first thing to do is to give employees the tools they need to make sure they can find their devices in case they go missing. One way to do that is to attach what amounts to a digital leash to company smartphones.Tulsa, Okla.-based ZOMM and Santa Barbara, Calif.-based Phone Halo are both devices that alert the user when they’re about to leave their smartphone behind. With ZOMM, the user carries a small sensor, say on a keychain. Phone Halo’s tag can be attached to keys, a wallet, purse or other items. Both sound an alarm when the user is parted from their phone.Related: Five Rules for ‘Bring Your Own Device’ TeamsCost can be a factor: ZOMM charges $90 for its device and Phone Halo runs $60. So, small companies will need to pick and choose which of their mobile tools are protected.Data leaks. Remote finding tools are nice, but it’s smart to add a second layer of protection that backs up the data on the devices, manages the identity on those devices and wipes data when the phone is lost.Here we liked Lookout Mobile Security. Based in San Francisco, this free-to-start app is available for both the Android and Apple smartphone platforms, but it also works with tablet computers like the iPad. Lookout lets users automatically back up and restore contacts in case a phone is lost. Lookout Premium — available only for Android for $3 per month or $30 per year — goes a step further by letting users lock a lost phone or wipe data from it if it is stolen or misplaced.Similar features are available for iPhones and iPads using Apple’s Find My Phone app, which is available for free in the iTunes store. The app uses Apple’s new iCloud to track the user’s device as well as manage data on it.We found RIM’s BlackBerry Management Center to be the category leader in terms of security among smartphone devices. The free service lets business users remotely manage multiple RIM devices from a single account. If a phone gets lost, users can lock it and display a message telling whoever finds the phone how it can be returned.Related: BlackBerry Management Center Reins in Smartphone ChaosUsers can also wipe the data from a lost or stolen phone and restore settings and content from a lost or broken phone onto a new one. Personal users can set permissions as to what the business administrator can and can’t do with their phone.All that said, be aware of unanticipated problems. Because you will likely be dealing with a variety of phones run by employees, let’s face it, there will be issues. Digital leashes like ZOMM are only as good as their carriers. If your employees don’t carry car keys or tend to misplace everything — including their phone and their phone leash — the system simply won’t work.The same goes for Lookout, which is limited in its ability to track multiple devices under one user account. Employees will also have to alert you quickly when they’ve misplaced their smartphone, which is a surprising hassle. Without a phone, how do they let you know the phone is gone?Related: How to Protect Your Business from Malware in Custom AppsAnd then there is the major headache that you are managing these systems from several touch points: Find My Phone works only through the user’s personal Apple ID. The BlackBerry Management Center needs its specific RIM interface. MyLookout has its own. So, depending on the size of your firm and the number of devices used, navigating the mash-up of platforms might be a headache.Bottom line, while there is no mobile security cure-all, with a reasonable effort, the investment in a multistep process to protect yourself and your employees against the worst headaches can be worth the time.
October 15, 2013 Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. 2 min read With $5.6 million in fresh funding, ID Quantique is looking to develop an encryption platform that even the National Security Agency may not be able break.The Geneva, Switzerland-based company just scored the latest found of capital from QWave Capital, a VC firm looking to invest in sci-tech companies focused on physics and material science. ID Quantique will use the funds to bolster its sales and marketing teams as it looks to meet the spike in demand for long-term highly secure data protection and increase its global reach.Related: Cybersecurity Basics: Surf the Web Safely With These Browsers The company is hoping to improve the current security tactic — one that protects data through encrypted keys created by an algorithm — by utilizing its quantum encryption tool called Quantum Key Distribution (QKD).Instead of just depending on keys that are supposedly being cracked by the NSA, its technology will add an additional layer: light. If a third-party attempts to spy on this data, an alert will occur, acknowledging that the light ray, or sensitive photons, have been disturbed. A business or person will know immediately and can act on this disruption by halting communication. And this could help stop the NSA from it intervening on sensitive data occurring between two parties.Related: How to Avoid Getting Hacked (Infographic) In the whole hoopla about NSA tapping into our information through tech companies like Google, it is still unknown how much cooperation the tech companies gave the NSA when requesting user information. That said, it has been reported that in some cases the NSA has been able to weaken a cryptography formula issued years ago by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Therefore, allowing it to circumvent encryption tools and participate in eavesdropping of U.S. citizens. ID Quantique is taking steps to halt this on our soil.The funding news came on the heels of ID Quantique announcing last week it had teamed up with Columbus, Ohio-based Battelle for the first QKD network in the U.S., connecting the non-profit R&D organization’s headquarters with its satellite office in Dublin, Ohio. The secure line with quantum servers allows for transmission of data without being concerned about outside observers spying. Register Now »
Dmoz Directory to shut down on March 14, 2017 by Martin Brinkmann on March 04, 2017 in Internet – Last Update: March 22, 2017 – 11 commentsDmoz, one of the longest standing, human curated, directories on the Internet will be shut down for good on March 14, 2017.Directories played a huge part in the early days of the Internet, especially if they were curated by companies or volunteers.There were several reasons for that. First, because search engines were not all that good in the days. Dmoz dates back to a time were Google did not exist yet, and Netscape fought it out against the dominating Internet Explorer browser. Yes, Opera was there to.It was a lot easier to use directories to find websites of interest, than to use a search engine.Second, webmasters used directories as a way to promote their sites. While there was a lot of abuse, especially when it came to automated directories that accepted any site, getting listed in a curated directory such as Dmoz or the Yahoo Directory.Links on those directories not only guaranteed a steady flow of visitors, but also a strong backlink which added weight to the site in search engines.Dmoz shutting downThe announcement does not highlight why Dmoz is shutting down, only that it is the case.Dmoz is owned by AOL, and the decision to shut down the site must have certainly come from AOL. While it is unclear why, costs of running and maintaining the site may have played a role next to Dmoz losing more and more relevancy on the Internet as a resource.The site will be taken down on March 14, 2017 and there is no indication that the directory will live on elsewhere. While you may be able to access its content on the Wayback Machine website, that only remains an option if AOL does not add a no robots tag to the site’s index after shutting down Dmoz.The Dmoz directory outlived Yahoo’s Directory for almost three years. While there are still plenty of directories around, none that I know of that has the name or popularity of Dmoz or Yahoo Directory.It is interesting to note that Dmoz won’t vanish completely overnight. The NOODP meta tag is used by Internet sites to indicate to search engines that search engines should not use the descriptions by Dmoz if available, but the site’s own. These tags won’t do anything anymore after March 14, 2017, and it is recommended to remove them from sites after that date because of that.Update: Dmoz shut down on March 17, 2017. You can access a copy of the site on Dmoztools.Now You: Do you use directories on today’s Internet?SummaryArticle NameDmoz Directory to shut down on March 14, 2017DescriptionDmoz, one of the longest standing, human curated, directories on the Internet will be shut down for good on March 14, 2017.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement